skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 63051 Find in a Library
Title: RELATIONSHIP OF POSITION, INSTITUTION AND SELECTED VARIABLES TO ROLE EXPECTATIONS OF CORRECTIONAL OFFICERS AND PERCEPTIONS OF THEIR INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT
Author(s): M D LANE
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 136
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: BASED ON THE ROLE PERCEPTION OF CORRECTIONAL OFFICERS BY SUCH OFFICERS AND STAFF MEMBERS, THIS STUDY DETERMINES WHICH FACTORS INFLUENCE THE EXPECTED BEHAVIOR OF OFFICERS.
Abstract: DATA WERE GATHERED BETWEEN MAY 2, AND JUNE 21, 1977 BY MEANS OF A QUESTIONNAIRE SUBMITTED TO 312 OFFICERS, SUPERVISORS, TREATMENT STAFF, AND ADMINISTRATORS AT THREE MAJOR VIRGINIA CORRECTIONS INSTITUTIONS FOR MALES. THE QUESTIONNAIRE SOLICITED PERSONAL AND JOB-RELATED INFORMATION AND CONTAINED THE EXPECTED ROLE SCALE (ERS) AND A CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS ENVIRONMENT SCALE (CIES). THE ERS WAS DESIGNED TO MEASURE PERCEPTIONS OF THE EXPECTED BEHAVIOR OF CORRECTIONAL OFFICERS, DEFINING ROLE AS A SET OF EXPECTIONS IN RELATIONSHIPS WITH PEERS, SUPERVISORS, TREATMENT STAFF, AND INMATES. THE MAJOR DIMENSIONS MEASURED WERE CUSTODY AND TREATMENT BEHAVIORS. THE CIES MEASURED THE BASIC DIMENSIONS OF ORGANIZATIONAL CLIMATE IN THE CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS. RESPONSE WERE ANALYZED THROUGH THE USE OF VARIOUS STATISTICAL METHODS. RESULTS INDICATE THAT ROLE EXPECTATIONS OF THE CORRECTIONAL OFFICER ARE RELATED TO STAFF POSITION AND NOT TO TYPE OF INSTITUTION. ALTHOUGH RESPONDENTS AGREED TO THE INCLUSION OF BOTH CUSTODY AND TREATMENT BEHAVIORS IN THE OFFICERS' ROLES, SECURITY STAFF MEMBERS PLACED MORE EMPHASIS ON GUARDS' CUSTODIAL BEHAVIORS THAN DID ADMINISTRATORS. SECURITY STAFF EXPECT GUARDS TO WORK INDEPENDENTLY, WHEREAS ADMINISTRATORS HOPE FOR COLLABORATION. POSITIVE EVALUATION OF THE INSTITUTIONAL CLIMATE IS CORRELATIVE WITH THE HIERARCHICAL STRUCTURE OF THE CORRECTIONS SYSTEM, WITH TOP ADMINISTRATORS RATING THEIR OPERATIONS FAVORABLY. PERCEPTIONS OF THE ENVIRONMENT VARIED AMONG INSTITUTIONS. THE INSTITUTION NOTED FOR ITS 'TREATMENT ORIENTATION' WAS RATED MORE POSITIVELY BY ITS STAFF. WHEN OFFICERS DO NOT EXPECT TO BEHAVE INDEPENDENTLY, THEY HAVE MORE POSITIVE PERCEPTIONS OF TREATMENT PROGRAMS, PERSONNEL RELATIONSHIPS, AND ORGANIZATIONAL CONTROL. OTHER INFLUENTIAL FACTORS ARE THE OFFICERS' LENGTH OF SERVICE IN CORRECTIONS AND THEIR EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUNDS. THERE IS MORE EMPHASIS ON THE CUSTODIAL ASPECTS OF THE ROLE AMONG LONG-TERM EMPLOYEES AND THOSE WITH LESS EDUCATION. IMPLICATIONS OF THESE FINDINGS ON FUTURE TRAINING PROGRAMS FOR CORRECTIONAL OFFICERS ARE NOTED, AND A LITERATURE REVIEW EXAMINES THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ROLE CONCEPT. FOOTNOTES, CHARTS, AND TABULAR DATA ARE INCLUDED. THE QUESTIONNAIRE AND RELATED INFORMATION ARE APPENDED. (MRK)
Index Term(s): Behavioral science research; Correctional institutions (adult); Correctional personnel; Role perception; Self concept; Work attitudes
Note: SPECIAL PRICES FOR ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS. UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA - DOCTORAL DISSERTATION
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63051

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.