skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 63057 Find in a Library
Title: APPLICATION OF THE SIMULTANEOUS TOBIT MODEL - A STUDY OF THE DETERMINANTS OF CRIMINAL RECIDIVISM
Journal: JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS  Volume:31  Issue:3  Dated:(SPRING/SUMMER 1979)  Pages:166-171
Author(s): R C SICKLES; P SCHMIDT; A D WITTE
Corporate Author: Temple University
School of Business Admin
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: Temple University
Philadelphia, PA 19122
Type: Statistics
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE DETERMINANTS OF CRIMINAL RECIDIVISM WERE ANALYZED BY MEANS OF AN ECONOMIC MODEL (THE SIMULTANEOUS TOBIT TECHNIQUE) IN TERMS OF LEGITIMATE ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES AVAILABLE TO EX-OFFENDERS AFTER THEIR RELEASE.
Abstract: THE POSSIBLE CORRELATION OF TWO VARIABLES WAS ANALYZED: TTMSEN (THE TOTAL TIME SENTENCED DURING A FOLLOWING PERIOD AFTER RELEASE FROM INCARCERATION) AND WAGAR (ECONOMIC MEASURE OF LEGAL ACTIVITIES PAYOFF IN TERMS OF THE HOURLY WAGE RATE RECEIVED BY THE RELEASEE) TO PREDICT RECIDIVISM. DATA WERE COLLECTED ON THE CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES (OR LACK THEREOF) OF A RANDOM SAMPLE OF 641 MEN WHO HAD SERVED PRISON TERMS IN SOUTH CAROLINA FROM 1969 TO 1971. THE EFFECT OF TTMSEN ON WAGAR COULD NOT BE PROVED, BUT WAGAR WAS SHOWN TO INFLUENCE TTMSEN, TO THE EXTENT THAT EX-OFFENDERS WHO RECEIVED A REASONABLE HOURLY WAGE RATE IN THE FORM OF SOME GAINFUL OCCUPATION DID NOT COMMIT CRIMES AND HAD, THEREFORE, A TTMSEN VALUE OF ZERO. RACE APPEARED TO BE A FACTOR (BLACKS HAD LOWER TTMSEN VALUES) AS WELL AS MARITAL STATUS AND AGE (MARRIED MEN AND OLDER MEN ALSO SHOWED LOWER TTMSEN VALUES). CONSIDERING THE HIGH COST OF IMPRISONMENT, PROVIDING BETTER OPPORTUNITIES FOR RELEASEES (IN THE FORM OF MORE EDUCATION, AND ALCOHOL AND DRUG TREATMENT) LEADING TO HIGHER WAGAR VALUES APPEARS A DESIRABLE ALTERNATIVE TO MORE SEVERE PENALTIES INVOLVING LONGER (AND MORE EXPENSIVE) PRISON TERMS TO PREVENT RECIDIVISM. (LGR)
Index Term(s): Crime costs; Crime Statistics; Encoding; Mathematical modeling; Motivation; Post-release programs; Recidivism
Note: PART TWO OF AN EARLIER ARTICLE, 'SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS MODELS WITH TRUNCATED DEPENDENT VARIABLES - A SIMULTANEOUS TOBIT MODEL' - JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS, V 31, N 1 (FALL 1978)
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63057

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.