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NCJ Number: 63061 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: COPING PATTERNS OF LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS IN SIMULATED AND NATURALISTIC STRESS
Journal: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF COMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY  Volume:5  Issue:1  Dated:(1977)  Pages:59-73
Author(s): S D DISKIN; M J GOLDSTEIN
Corporate Author: Plenum Publishing Corp
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Plenum Publishing Corp
New York, NY 10013-1576
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Rockville, MD 20857
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 72-DF-09-0005; 08744
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: RESULTS ARE REPORTED FROM PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL AND SELF-REPORT TESTS, OF 135 POLICE DEPUTIES' REACTIONS TO A STRESSFUL FILM.
Abstract: SUBJECTS WERE RANDOMLY CHOSEN FROM A GROUP OF WHITE MALES WITH NO MORE THAN 10 YEARS OF SERVICE. NINE GROUPS OF 15 SUBJECTS WERE EXPOSED TO 3 TREATMENT CONDITIONS: (1) VIEWING A TRAVELOGUE FILM ENCOURAGING RELAXATION, (2) A 10-MINUTE RELAXATION INTERVAL IN WHICH SUBJECTS WAITED UNAWARE OF FUTURE EVENTS; AND (3) VIEWING AN ACCIDENT FILM PREVIOUSLY PROVEN TO ELICIT STRESS. PRIOR TO TESTING, THE SUBJECTS WERE MEASURED FOR NORMAL ANXIETY LEVEL: DURING THE EXPERIMENT, THEIR STRESS WAS MEASURED BY SKIN RESISTANCE RESPONSE AND SELF-REPORT QUESTIONNAIRES. IN GENERAL, INFORMATION ABOUT THE OFFICERS' TREATMENT CONDITION ABETTED STRESS REDUCTION, AND INDIVIDUAL PERSONALITY VARIABLES INFLUENCED REACTIVITY. THE 'VIGILANT COPER' GROUP 1, UNIFORMLY DEMONSTRATED INTOLERANCE FOR UNCERTAINTY, WHEREAS, THE RESPONSES OF THE 'NEUTRAL' GROUP 2 AND 'AVOIDER' GROUP 3, GROUPS WERE SEPARABLE ACCORDING TO ANXIETY LEVEL, WITH LOWER ANXIETY FACILITATING ADAPTATION TO THE STRESSOR. THE FIRST TWO GROUPS WERE EVENTUALLY SHOWN A STRESSFUL FILM CONCERNING AN ACCIDENT AFTER BEING WARNED AND GIVEN INFORMATION ABOUT THE FILM. THE FINAL GROUP WAS GIVEN NO ADVANCED WARNING OR INFORMATION ABOUT THE ACCIDENT FILM IT WAS SHOWN. THERE WAS A SIGNIFICANT CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN SUPERVISORY RATINGS OF FIELD PERFORMANCE AND THE DATA FOR THE 'NO-WARNING' EXPOSURE TO STRESS, SUGGESTING THAT THE DEMANDS IN LAW ENFORCEMENT SERVICE WERE APPROXIMATED BY THE SIMULATED STRESS PROCEDURE. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Personnel selection; Police occupational stress; Research; Testing and measurement
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