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NCJ Number: 63063 Find in a Library
Title: OFFENCES AGAINST DISCIPLINE IN A BORSTAL
Journal: JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENCE  Volume:1  Issue:1  Dated:(MARCH 1978)  Pages:81-87
Author(s): F CLARKSON
Corporate Author: Academic Press Ltd
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Academic Press Ltd
London Nw1,, England
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: A STUDY OF PERSISTENT OFFENDERS AGAINST DISCIPLINE IN A JUVENILE CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION (BORSTAL) IN GREAT BRITAIN SHOWS A SIGNIFICANT CORRELATION BETWEEN HABITUAL INMATE DISCIPLINE VIOLATIONS AND RECIDIVISM.
Abstract: THE INMATES OF A BORSTAL IN GREAT BRITAIN WERE SURVEYED TO ASCERTAIN THE CORRELATION BETWEEN REPEATED VIOLATION OF INSTITUTIONAL DISCIPLINE AND CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES AFTER RELEASE. THE PICTURE OF THE REPEAT VIOLATOR OF INSTITUTIONAL DISCIPLINE IN A BORSTAL WAS FOUND TO DEPART FROM THE USUAL INSTITUTIONAL TROUBLEMAKER STEREOTYPES: THE OFFENDERS WERE YOUNGER THAN WELL-BEHAVED INMATES, HAD LOWER VERBAL ABILITY, AND POSSESSED A HISTORY OF INSTITUTIONALIZATION IN CHILDREN'S HOMES (OFTEN THE CAUSE OF THEIR TRANSFER TO A BORSTAL). SINCE THE MAJORITY OF JUVENILE INMATES IN BORSTALS SUFFER FROM SERIOUS PHYSICAL AND MENTAL DISORDERS, AS WELL AS SHOWING SEVERE PSYCHOPATHIC TRAITS, THE DISCIPLINE VIOLATORS DID NOT DIFFER FROM THEIR FELLOW INMATES EXCEPT IN THE THREE AREAS INDICATED. THE CORRELATION BETWEEN INSTITUTIONAL TROUBLEMAKING AND POSTRELEASE RECIDIVISM POINTS TO THE UNPLEASANT ATMOSPHERE IN THE INSTITUTION WHICH, IN TURN, PROMOTES FURTHER DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR. (LGR)
Index Term(s): Age group comparisons; Borstal; Correctional institutions (juvenile); Criminality prediction; Emotionally disturbed delinquents; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Inmate discipline; Intelligence Quotient (IQ); Juvenile Recidivism; Psychopaths; Truancy; Victimization in juvenile facilities
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63063

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