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NCJ Number: 63071 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: HALFWAY HOUSES AND TREATMENT OUTCOMES - A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INSTITUTIONAL ATMOSPHERE AND THERAPEUTIC EFFECTIVENESS
Journal: JOURNAL OF STUDIES ON ALCOHOL  Volume:40  Issue:5  Dated:(MAY 1979)  Pages:419-427
Author(s): E RUBINGTON
Corporate Author: Rutgers University
Ctr of Alcohol Studies
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: Rutgers University
New Brunswick, NJ 08903
US Dept of Agriculture
Washington, DC 20013
Grant Number: R01-AA2467-01
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE THERAPEUTIC EFFECTIVENESS OF HALFWAY HOUSES IN TREATING ALCOHOLICS RELEASED FROM CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS WAS FOUND TO BE RELATED TO THEIR HOMELIKE AND INFORMAL ATMOSPHERE.
Abstract: THIS STUDY WAS BASED ON FIELD WORK CONDUCTED AT FOUR HALFWAY HOUSES FOR ALCOHOLICS IN THE BOSTON AREA TO TEST THE HYPOTHESIS THAT THE EFFECTIVENESS OF A HOUSE IN CREATING AND MAINTAINING IN ITS GUESTS THE BEHAVIORAL CHANGE WHICH LEADS TO SOCIAL REINTEGRATION IS INVERSELY PROPORTIONAL TO ITS BUREAUCRATIC EFFICIENCY. FOUR TARGET FACILITIES WERE RANKED ACCORDING TO AN 'INDEX OF INSTITUTIONAL ATMOSPHERE,' MEASURED BY THE EXISTENCE OF WRITTEN RULES, MANDATORY MEETINGS, IMPERSONAL AND DISTANT ATTITUDES OF THE STAFF, DOOR CONTROLS, ACCESS TO THE KITCHEN, AND TREATMENT SESSIONS CONDUCTED ON THE PREMISES. THE HALFWAY HOUSE WITH THE LOWEST SCORE ON ALL THE ABOVE POINTS WAS FOUND TO HAVE THE HIGHEST NUMBER OF SUCCESSFUL CURES, MEASURED BY THE GUESTS' LENGTH OF STAY, THEIR STATE OF ABSTINENCE AT THE TIME OF DEPARTURE, AND THE LENGTH OF THEIR PERIOD OF ABSTINENCE AFTER DEPARTURE. THE RATE OF READMISSION WAS ALSO INVERSELY PROPORTIONAL THE NUMBER OF POINTS SCORED BY THE HALFWAY HOUSES ON THE INDEX OF INSTITUTIONAL ATMOSPHERE. THEREFORE, AN INFORMAL HOMELIKE ATMOSPHERE APPEARS TO BE THE MOST THERAPEUTICALLY EFFECTIVE IN TREATING AND REHABILITATING ALCOHOLICS. (LGR)
Index Term(s): Alcoholics; Alcoholism treatment programs; Drunk offender release; Halfway houses; Inmate staff relations; Recidivism; Social reintegration; Success factors
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63071

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