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NCJ Number: 63073 Find in a Library
Title: COMPARISON OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT CENTER AND DRUG ABUSE TREATMENT CENTER APPROACHES TO NONOPIATE DRUG ABUSE
Author(s): ANON
Corporate Author: RTI International
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
RTI International
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709
Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
Contract Number: 271-75-1016
Sale Source: Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS EXPLORATORY INVESTIGATION SURVEYS THE KIND AND QUALITY OF DRUG TREATMENT SERVICES CURRENTLY AVAILABLE IN COMMUNITY MENTAL HEALTH CENTERS (CMHC'S) AND FOCUSES ON DIFFERENT TREATMENT PROGRAMS.
Abstract: DATA WERE COLLECTED FROM A RANDOM SAMPLE OF PATIENTS TREATED IN 12 CLINICS FROM 4 COMMUNITIES (NEW ORLEANS, SAN FRANCISCO, RALEIGH/DURHAM, N.C., AND BOSTON). FOUR OF EACH OF THE FOLLOWING THREE TYPES MADE UP THE CLINIC SAMPLE: FREESTANDING DRUG CLINICS (TYPE I), DRUG UNITS IN CMHC'S (TYPE II), AND CMHC'S WITHOUT SEPARATE FACILITIES FOR DRUG ABUSERS (TYPE III). THE SAMPLE CONSISTED OF 1,113 CLIENTS INCLUDING 281 NONOPIATE ABUSERS FROM 10 OF THE 12 CLINICS; 2 OF THE TYPE III CLINICS COULD NOT IDENTIFY AN ADEQUATE SAMPLE. THE MAJORITY OF CLIENTS WERE WHITE AND UNMARRIED, AND 68 PERCENT WERE HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES. DATA FROM A TYPE III PROGRAM IN DUMONT, N.J., WERE LATER ADDED FOR DESCRIPTIVE PURPOSES. COMPARISONS WERE MADE OF THE LARGER AND NONOPIATE SAMPLES FOR DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS, PROBLEMS, DRUG INVOLVEMENT, LENGTH OF TREATMENT, AND DISCHARGE DATA. DATA SOURCES WERE PATIENT RECORDS AND STAFF INTERVIEWS. INTERVIEWS INDICATED THAT STAFF OF TYPE I AND II CLINICS WERE MORE KNOWLEDGEABLE AND BETTER EXPERIENCED IN DRUG ABUSE TREATMENT, AND THAT TYPE III STAFFS HAD NO TRAINING AND MINIMAL EXPERIENCE IN THIS AREA. ONLY 1 OF THE 12 CLINICS STUDIED HAD ORGANIZED STAFF TRAINING IN IDENTIFICATION, TREATMENT, OR MANAGEMENT OF DRUG ABUSERS. AT NO CLINIC INVESTIGATED DID NONOPIATE ABUSERS RECEIVE A SPECIALIZED TREATMENT REGIMEN; INDIVIDUAL COUNSELING WAS USED MOST COMMONLY. PROGNOSIS AND PERHAPS TREATMENT APPEAR TO BE RELATED TO THE TYPE OF PROGRAM AN INDIVIDUAL ENTERS. IN ADDITION, CURRENT RESEARCH AND EVALUATION INTO THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THERAPEUTIC EFFORTS ARE PROBLEMATIC BECAUSE OF UNSTANDARDIZED RECORDKEEPING, PARTICULARLY ON DRUG USE IN THE MENTAL HEALTH CENTERS, AND ON TREATMENT PROGRESS IN ALL TYPES OF CLIENTS. TABULAR DATA ARE PROVIDED. (AOP)
Index Term(s): Drug abuse; Drug information; Drug treatment; Mental health services
Note: SERVICES RESEARCH REPORT
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63073

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