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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 63075 Find in a Library
Title: AIR PIRACY - THE ROLE OF THE INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF AIRLINE PILOTS ASSOCIATIONS
Journal: CORNELL INTERNATIONAL LAW JOURNAL  Volume:3  Issue:1  Dated:(WINTER 1970)  Pages:79-91
Author(s): I M SHEPARD
Corporate Author: Cornell University
United States of America
Date Published: 1970
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Cornell University
Ithaca, NY 14850
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE ROLE OF THE INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF AIRLINE PILOTS ASSOCIATIONS (IFAPA) IN COMBATTING AIR PIRACY IS EXAMINED IN VIEW OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY'S PAST FAILURES.
Abstract: THE IFAPA'S THREATENED STRIKE IN RESPONSE TO A 1969 AIRCRAFT HIJACKING FOCUSED WORLD ATTENTION ON THE PROBLEM OF AIR PIRACY AND SUGGESTED A POTENTIAL ROLE FOR LABOR ORGANIZATIONS IN INFLUENCING THE SETTLEMENT OF WORLDWIDE PROBLEMS. INTERNATIONAL LAW, TREATIES, AND ORGANIZATIONS HAVE ALL BEEN INEFFECTIVE IN DETERRING AIR PIRACY. CURRENT INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORATION REGULATION, DATING FROM THE 1944 CHICAGO CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION, IS BASED ON A COMBINATION OF MULTILATERAL AND BILATERAL TREATIES, INFORMAL AGREEMENTS, AND NATIONAL POLICIES. HOWEVER, THE CONCEPT OF NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY, ON WHICH ALL THESE ARRANGEMENTS ARE BASED, IS THE MAJOR OBSTACLE TO RESOLUTION OF INTERNATIONAL AVIATION PROBLEMS. IN ADDITION, NEITHER OF THE TWO INTERNATIONAL REGULATORY ORGANIZATIONS (THE INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AERONAUTICS ORGANIZATION AND THE INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSIT ASSOCIATION) HAS EFFECTIVELY DEALT WITH AIR PIRACY. EVEN THE 1963 TOKYO CONVENTION FAILED TO DEFINE HIJACKING AS AN INTERNATIONAL CRIME. ALTHOUGH AIR PIRACY CANNOT BE CONTROLLED, IT COULD BE DETERRED IF HIJACKING WERE RECOGNIZED THROUGH AN INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENT AS A CRIME PUNISHABLE BY ALL NATIONS UNDER DOMESTIC OR INTERNATIONAL LAW. INDIVIDUAL STATE INTERESTS IN DETERMING POLITICAL ASYLUM AND POLITICAL CRIMES MAKE VOLUNTARY ACCEPTANCE OF SUCH AN AGREEMENT UNLIKELY. THE IFAPA MIGHT EFFECTIVELY COERCE AN AGREEMENT'S ADOPTION, HOWEVER, BY EITHER A WORLDWIDE STRIKE OR SELECTIVE BOYCOTTS AGAINST UNCOOPERATIVE STATES. SUCH ACTIONS WOULD ESTABLISH THE IFAPA AS A RATIONAL SOCIAL FORCE IN FORCING NATIONS TO REORDER THEIR PRIORITIES TOWARD AIR PASSENGER SAFETY. FOOTNOTES ARE INCLUDED. (CFW)
Index Term(s): Aircraft hijacking; International agreements; International cooperation; International law; International organizations; Strikes; Terrorism/Mass Violence; Unions
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63075

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