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NCJ Number: 63099 Find in a Library
Title: RECIDIVISM IN ILLINOIS AND WISCONSIN PRISONS (FROM CRIMINAL JUSTICE STATISTICS ASOCIATION, INC PROCEEDINGS..., 1978 - SEE NCJ-63086)
Author(s): J FLANAGAN
Corporate Author: Justice Research and Statistics Association
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: Justice Research and Statistics Association
Washington, DC 20002
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: RESULTS ARE PRESENTED FROM A LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF THE RECIDIVISM RATE OF A SAMPLE OF 1,358 MALES WHO ENTERED ILLINOIS PRISONS FROM 1963 TO 1965 AND PRESENTS SELECTED WISCONSIN RECIDIVISM STATISTICS.
Abstract: RESULTS SUPPORT THE GLASER FINDING THAT THE LONGITUDINAL RECIDIVISM RATE IS CLOSER TO ONE-THIRD (38 PERCENT IN ILLINOIS AND 39 PERCENT IN WISCONSIN) THAN TO THE FREQUENTLY CITED TWO-THIRDS RATE WHEN RECIDIVISM IS MEASURED OVER THE CONVENTIONAL 3-YEAR FOLLOWUP PERIO. ALSO SUPPORTED IS THE GLASER FINDING THAT CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY YIELDS A TWO-THIRDS RECIDIVISM RATE (72 PERCENT IN ILLINOIS). INCOMPLETE ILLINOIS DATA SHOWED THE RECIDIVISM RATE INCREASING FROM 38 PERCENT AFTER 3 YEARS TO ALMOST 50 PERCENT AFTER 6 YEARS, SUPPORTING THE KITCHENER, SCHMIDT, AND GLASER FINDING THAT THE RECIDIVISM RATE DOES NOT BECOME STABLE AFTER 3 YEARS, BUT CONTINUES TO RISE FOR ABOUT 8 YEARS. ILLINOIS RESULTS EXTEND THE FINDING THAT CRIMINAL HISTORY PREDICTS RECIDIVISM. THE TRADITIONAL BELIEF THAT ADULT OFFENDERS WERE JUVENILE OFFENDERS IS NOT SUPPORTED (ONLY 27 PERCENT IN ILLINOIS HAD A JUVENILE OFFENSE HISTORY). RESULTS SUPPORT THE FOLLOWING CONCLUSIONS: (1) THE LONGITUDINAL/CROSS-SECTIONAL DISTINCTION IN MEASURING RECIDIVISM RATES IS RELEVANT TO CORRECTIONS FOR POLICY AND PLANNING PURPOSES; (2) THE APPROPRIATE LENGTH OF THE FOLLOWUP PERIOD FOR DETERMINING RECIDIVISM SHOULD BE REEXAMINED; (3) RECIDIVISM RATES ARE SENSITIVE TO MEASURES OF PRIOR CRIMINALITY WHILE BEING INSENSITIVE TO OFFENDER PROGRAM DIFFERENCES; AND (4) RECIDIVISM RATES FOR DIFFERENT PRISON SYSTEMS APPEAR TO BE A REFLECTION OF THE TYPES OF OFFENDERS SELECTED FOR IMPRISONMENT RATHER THAN THE KINDS OF PROGRAMS OFFERED. TABULAR DATA AND FOOTNOTES ARE PROVIDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--RCB)
Index Term(s): Corrections effectiveness; Evaluation criteria; Illinois; Longitudinal studies; Recidivism; Wisconsin
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63099

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