skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 63108 Find in a Library
Title: ROLE OF VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS AS PRESSURE GROUPS IN PENAL REFORM (FROM PENAL POLICY-MAKING IN ENGLAND, 1977, BY NIGEL WALKER AND HENRI GILLER - SEE NCJ-63107)
Author(s): L BLOM-COOPER
Corporate Author: University of Cambridge
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: University of Cambridge
Cambridge, CB3 9DT, England
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: THE ROLE OF VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS AS PRESSURE GROUPS IN BRITISH PENAL REFORM VARIES WITH THE CLIMATE OF PUBLIC OPINION, THE PHASES IN PENAL POLICY, THE STATE OF PRISONS, AND THE CRIMINAL PROCESS.
Abstract: THE MOST ENDURING FACTOR OF THE VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATION IS ITS SELF-APPOINTED ROLE AS KEEPER OF THE PUBLIC CONSCIENCE AND ITS ATTEMPTS TO TRANSLATE THIS CONSCIENCE INTO PRACTICAL CAMPAIGNS FOR PENAL CHANGE. A FIRST STEP IN THIS POLICY OF PERSUASION IS A POLICY REVIEW COMMITTEE THAT ANALYZES THE SITUATION, PROPOSES NEW PRINCIPLES, AND CONCEPTUALIZES THE VARIOUS COMPONENTS OF THE SYSTEM. IN SEEKING THOSE IN POWER TO MAKE CHANGES, TWO METHODS ARE EMPLOYED BY VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS-PUBLICITY AND PERSUASION OF POLICYMAKERS. PUBLICITY METHODS INCLUDE MAKING PERSONAL CONTACTS WITH INTERESTED PARTIES SUCH AS MINISTERS, POLITICIANS, AND CIVIL SERVANTS. IMPERSONAL CONTACT BY WAY OF WRITTEN MATERIAL SUCH AS MEMORANDA OF EVIDENCE TO OFFICIAL COMMITTEES CAN ALSO BE EMPLOYED. PERSUASION OF POLICYMAKERS MUST BE DIRECTED TO THREE MAIN GROUPS-LEGISLATORS, MINISTERS RESPONSIBLE FOR PENAL POLICY, AND SENIOR PENAL ADMINISTRATORS. SUCCESSFUL PERSUASION REQUIRES THAT MATERIAL IS (1) WELL RESEARCHED, (2) SOUNDLY BASED ON AGREED PRINCIPLES, AND (3) IN ACCORD WITH POLITICAL AND SOCIAL REALITIES. THE CREDIBILITY OF VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS CONSISTS OF ACCEPTANCE IN OFFICIAL CIRCLES AND OF RETAINING PUBLIC RESPECT AS AN INDEPENDENT VOICE WITH REALISTIC PROPOSALS. A DISCUSSION SUMMARY AND NOTES ARE PROVIDED. (MJW)
Index Term(s): Correctional reform; England; Penology; Volunteer programs
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63108

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.