skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 63164 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: COMMUNITY CRIME PREVENTION - WHAT WORKS?
Author(s): S H GREEN; S PENNELL
Corporate Author: Comprehensive Planning Organization
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Comprehensive Planning Organization
San Diego, CA 92101
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS REPORT EVALUATES TWO COMMUNITY CRIME PREVENTION PROJECTS CONDUCTED BY THE SAN DIEGO POLICE DEPARTMENT AND THE SHERIFF'S DEPARTMENT IN SAN DIEGO, CALIF.
Abstract: BOTH PROJECTS RAN FOR A 2-YEAR PERIOD AND WERE FEDERALLY FUNDED. BOTH ACHIEVED CRIME REDUCTION IN SELECTED AREAS AND MAINTAINED HIGH ACTIVITY LEVELS IN TERMS OF NEIGHBORHOOD GROUP DEVELOPMENT AND SECURITY INSPECTIONS OF RESIDENCES. THE MOST EFFECTIVE TECHNIQUE FOR INCREASING CITIZEN AWARENESS OF SERVICES WAS THE USE OF THE MEDIA (NEWSPAPERS, TELEVISION, RADIO). ALSO, NEIGHBORHOOD MEETINGS PROMOTED CITIZENS' ACTION IN SUCH WAYS AS SECURING HOMES AND REPORTING SUSPICIOUS ACTIVITY. ALTHOUGH STRATEGIES TO SOLICIT COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT WERE SIMILAR, THE UTILIZATION OF STAFF RESOURCES FOR THE TWO PROJECTS. THE PRIMARY RESOURCE USED BY THE CITY WAS POLICE OFFICERS, SINCE PREVENTION ACTIVITIES COULD CONTINUE SUBSEQUENT TO TERMINATION OF FUNDING WITHOUT INCURRING ADDITIONAL EXPENSE TO THE DEPARTMENT. THE PATROL OFFICER WAS DESIGNATED TO MAKE PRIMARY CONTACT WITH THE CITIZEN AND TO OVERSEE COMMUNITY-WATCH DEVELOPMENT AND RESIDENTIAL SECURITY INSPECTION. THE SHERIFF'S OFFICE INSTEAD HIRED 25 COMMUNITY SERVICE OFFICERS (CSO'S) AND PLACED THEM IN EACH OF 25 SUBSTATIONS AFTER TRAINING IN A LAW ENFORCEMENT ACADEMY. PRIMARY ACTIVITIES INCLUDED MEDIA STIMULATION, SECURITY INSPECTIONS, PUBLIC PRESENTATIONS, AND DEVELOPMENT OF WATCH GROUPS. THE EVALUATORS FOUND THAT WHEN VIEWED AS SHORT-TERM, EXPEIMENTAL PROJECTS, THE APPROACH USED BY THE SHERIFF'S OFFICE WAS MORE FEASIBLE SINCE POLICE BEAT OFFICERS LACKED COMMITMENT TO THE ADDITIONAL WORK TASK OF CRIME PREVENTION. HOWEVER, THE EVALUATION CONCLUDED THAT INVOLVING CITIZENS IN CRIME CONTROL DOES REDUCE CRIME AND SHOULD BE CONSIDERED AN INHERENT RESPONSIBILITY OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES. RECOMMENDATIONS ARE MADE SUGGESTING A MODEL FRAMEWORK BY WHICH AGENCIES COULD PROVIDE SUCH CRIME PREVENTION SERVICES. (MJW)
Index Term(s): California; Community action programs; Community crime prevention programs; Community involvement; Community service officers; Crime prevention measures; Police community relations; Program evaluation; Sheriffs
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63164

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.