skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 63195 Find in a Library
Title: CONDITIONS OF POLITICAL VIOLENCE AND INSTABILITY - A PRELIMINARY TEST OF THREE HYPOTHESES
Author(s): M C HUDSON
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1970
Page Count: 56
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Publication Number: 01-005
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS STUDY COMPARES 63 COUNTRIES THROUGH INSPECTION OF THEIR VIOLENCE PATTERNS AND FACTOR ANALYSES OF AGGREGATE VIOLENCE LEVELS. THREE HYPOTHESES OF THE CAUSES OF POLITICAL VIOLENCE ARE EXAMINED.
Abstract: THEY ARE AS FOLLOWS: (1) THE ENVIRONMENTAL HYPOTHESIS STATES THAT POLITICAL VIOLENCE IS LIKELY TO OCCUR UNDER CONDITIONS OF MIDDLE-LEVEL SOCIAL MODERNIZATION AND FRAGMENTED POLITICAL CULTURE; (2) THE INSTITUTIONALIZATION HYPOTHESIS STATES THAT POLITICAL VIOLENCE IS LIKELY TO OCCUR WHEN THE DIFFERENTIATION AND DURABILITY OF POLITICAL STRUCTURES ARE LOW; AND (3) THE FINAL HYPOTHESIS STATES THAT VIOLENCE BREEDS VIOLENCE AND GOVERNMENTAL INSTABILITY. OF THE COUNTRIES SELECTED FOR THIS PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS, 14 ARE ANGLO-SAXON AND WESTERN EUROPEAN, 12 ARE MIDDLE EASTERN AND NORTH AFRICAN, 11 ARE BLACK AFRICAN, 9 ARE LATIN OR CENTRAL AMERICAN, 10 ARE EAST ASIAN, AND 6 ARE EUROPEAN COMMUNIST. COUNTRIES THAT HAVE PARLIAMENTARY OR PRESIDENTIAL REPUBLICAN FORMS OF GOVERNMENT TOTAL 29. THE REMAINING 34 ARE RATHER EVENLY DIVIDED AMONG COLONIAL, MILITARY, 'PERSONALISMO,' RULING MONARCHICAL, SINGLE-PARTY (NONCOMMUNIST) EXECUTIVES, AND COMMUNIST. THE DATA ARE MAINLY FROM CIRCA 1965 AND ARE COMPRISED OF 25 VARIABLES SELECTED AS 'CANDIDATE-INDICATORS'. THEY INCLUDE RIOT EVENTS, PROTEST DEMONSTRATION EVENTS, ARMED ATTACK EVENTS, INTERNAL SECURITY FORCES PER 10,000 WORKING-AGE POPULATION, IRREGULAR POWER TRANSFER EVENTS, AND MAJOR OR MINOR GOVERNMENTAL CHANGE EVENTS. FACTOR ANALYSES WERE USED TO DISCOVER WHICH VARIABLES WERE CLOSELY RELATED TO EACH OTHER. FINDINGS INDICATE THAT NONE OF THE MAIN ENVIRONMENTAL OR INSTITUTIONAL PHENOMENA TESTED EXERT SUBSTANTIAL INFLUENCE ON POLITICAL VIOLENCE AND INSTABILITY, ALTHOUGH SOME APPEAR TO CONTRIBUTE TO THE SETTING FOR THESE TWO CONDITIONS. A BRIEF ANALYSIS OF THE UNITED STATES CONCLUDES THAT, IN ABSOLUTE TERMS, THIS COUNTRY WAS ONE OF THE MOST POLITICALLY VIOLENT COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD BETWEEN 1945 AND 1965; IT HAS MAINTAINED THAT POSITION TO THE PRESENT TIME (1970). TABLES, REFERENCES, AND AN APPENDIX ARE INCLUDED. (PRG)
Index Term(s): Africa; Asia; Central America; Developing Countries; Europe; Middle East; Politically motivated violent crimes; Revolutionary or terrorist groups; Society-crime relationships; South America; United States of America
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. SAGE PROFESSIONAL PAPERS IN COMPARATIVE POLITICS, V 1
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63195

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.