skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 63204 Find in a Library
Title: NEO-MARXIAN CRITIQUE FORMULATION AND TEST OF JUVENILE DISPOSITIONS AS A FUNCTION OF SOCIAL CLASS
Journal: SOCIAL PROBLEMS  Volume:27  Issue:1  Dated:(OCTOBER 1979)  Pages:96-108
Author(s): T CARTER; D CLELLAND
Corporate Author: Soc for the Study of Social Problems
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Soc for the Study of Social Problems
Buffalo, NY 14122
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A NEO-MARXIAN THEORY OF JUVENILE DISPOSITIONS IS PRESENTED, AND A MULTIVARIATE TEST IS MADE OF TWO PROPOSITIONS DERIVED FROM THE THEORY.
Abstract: PREVIOUS JUVENILE DISPOSITION STUDIES EXAMINING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SEVERITY OF DISPOSITION AND THE SOCIAL CLASS OF THE OFFENDER HAVE BEEN METHODOLOGICALLY INADEQUATE, PARTICULARLY REGARDING THE CONCEPTUALIZATION AND MEASURE OF SOCIAL CLASS. THE CONCEPT OF 'JUVENILE DELINQUENT' IS A BOURGEOIS INVENTION USED TO DISTINGUISH FOR TREATMENT THOSE YOUTH WHOSE ACTIVITIES REPRESENT THREATS TO CAPITALIST HEGEMONY. THE CAPITALIST SYSTEM DEPENDS UPON THE CONTINUED CONDITIONING OF PEOPLE WHO WILL PROVIDE A STABLE AND LOYAL WORK FORCE, SO THAT YOUTHFUL BEHAVIOR WHICH VIOLATES THAT CONDITIONING IS PUNISHED. THIS CONCERN IS MOST EVIDENT IN CRIMES AGAINST THE MORAL ORDER (STATUS AND VICTIMLESS OFFENSES). OFFENSES AGAINST THE PERSON AND PROPERTY CAN BE CONSIDERED THREATENING TO ALL PARTICIPANTS IN ANY SOCIAL ORDER, SO THEY DO NOT UNIQUELY THREATEN CAPITALIST INTERESTS. A RANDOM SAMPLE OF 350 CASES WAS OBTAINED FROM JUVENILE COURT RECORDS IN A METROPOLITAN AREA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES. DISCUSSIONS WITH CASE WORKERS REVEALED THAT THE CRITERIA FOR THE LABEL OF 'LOWER CLASS' WAS MARGINALITY OF OCCUPATION, INCOME, AND VALUES. THIS LABEL WAS ACCEPTED AS THE MEASURE FOR LOWER CLASS IN THE STUDY. THE PREDICTED SOCIAL CLASS BIAS IN THE SENTENCING OF STATUS AND VICTIMLESS OFFENDERS WAS SUPPORTED BY THE DATA, WITH YOUTH IDENTIFIED AS 'LOWER CLASS' RECEIVING MORE SEVERE DISPOSITIONS. THIS PATTERN DID NOT HOLD TRUE FOR CRIMES AGAINST THE PERSON AND OFFENSES AGAINST PROPERTY. TABULAR DATA AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Discrimination; Judicial discretion; Juvenile case disposition; Juvenile delinquency theory; Juvenile status offenses; Marxism; Radical criminology; Research; Social classes
Note: EARLIER VERSION PRESENTED AT THE ANNUAL MEETINGS OF THE SOUTHERN SOCIOLOGICAL SOCIETY, ATLANTA, GA, APRIL 1977.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63204

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.