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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 63209 Find in a Library
Title: CHILD VICTIMS OF PHYSICAL ABUSE - A REPORT ON THE FINDINGS OF NSPCC (NATIONAL SOCIETY FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO CHILDREN) SPECIAL UNITS' REGISTERS - GREAT BRITAIN
Author(s): S J CREIGHTON; P J OWTRAM
Corporate Author: National Soc for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 52
Sponsoring Agency: National Soc for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children
London, W1P 8AA, England
Sale Source: National Soc for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children
1 Riding House Street
London, W1P 8AA,
United Kingdom
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: THIS REPORT ON CHILD VICTIMS OF PHYSICAL ABUSE BY ENGLAND'S NATIONAL SOCIETY FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO CHILDREN EXAMINES THE EXTENT AND NATURE OF NONACCIDENTAL INJURY TO CHILDREN USING 1975 REGISTERS.
Abstract: SIMILAR TO THE 1974 REGISTER REPORT, THIS REPORT DIFFERS IN THREE IMPORTANT DIMENSIONS: THE REGISTER SAMPLES WERE DRAWN FROM A LARGER GEOGRAPHICAL AREA OF ENGLAND, THE AGE RANGE OF CHILDREN WAS FROM NEW-BORN TO 16 AS OPPOSED TO NEW-BORN TO 4 IN 1974, AND THE 1975 SAMPLE CONTAINED ALMOST FIVE TIMES AS MANY CHILDREN (562) AS ITS PREDECESSOR (124) AND NEARLY THREE TIMES AS MANY NEW-BORN TO 4-YEAR OLDS. THE LARGER SAMPLE CONTAINING A WIDER RANGE REINFORCED SIGNIFICANT ASSOCIATIONS FOUND IN 1974: THE MAJORITY OF THE INJURED CHILDREN SUSTAINED SOFT TISSUE INJURIES ONLY; THE AGE GROUP WITH THE HIGHEST PERCENTAGE OF REGISTERED CASES WAS THE YOUNGEST--THE NEW-BORN TO 1-YEAR OLDS, PARTICULARLY AMONG THE SERIOUSLY INJURED; LOW BIRTH WEIGHT WAS AGAIN A SIGNIFICANT FACTOR; YOUNG PARENTS, LARGE FAMILIES, AND ATYPICAL PARENTAL SITUATIONS WERE OVERREPRESENTED COMPARED TO NATIONAL DISTRIBUTIONS OF SIMILAR SOCIAL CLASS; AND HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES AND LOW SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS WERE STRONGLY ASSOCIATED WITH THE HEADS OF HOUSEHOLDS IN THESE FAMILIES. THE 1975 REPORT CONTAINS A NUMBER OF ENCOURAGING INDICATORS OF SUCCESS IN THE FIELD OF NONACCIDENTAL INJURY TO CHILDREN. THE REINJURY RATE WAS LOW AND SHOWED A DECLINE FROM PREVIOUS YEARS. REINJURIES WERE MODERATE AND CONSISTED LARGELY OF BRUISING. IN THE 1975 COHORT THE MAJORITY OF CHILDREN SUSTAINED MODERATE INJURY. THE EVIDENCE FROM THE STUDY ALSO CONFIRMS THAT CENTRAL REGISTERS CAN AID IN THE DETECTION AND SEQUENCE OF CHILD ABUSE, BUT THAT MORE ATTENTION MUST BE GIVEN TO DEVELOPMENT OF CHILD PROTECTIVE SERVICES. TABULAR DATA, A LIST OF REFERENCES, AND APPENDIXES ACCOMPANY THE REPORT. (MJW)
Index Term(s): Abused children; Child abuse detection; Child abuse registers; Child abuse reporting; Great Britain/United Kingdom; National crime statistics
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63209

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