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NCJ Number: 63216 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: INFLUENCE OF LEGAL AND EXTRA-LEGAL FACTORS ON SENTENCING DISPOSITIONS IN RURAL, SEMI-RURAL AND URBAN COUNTRIES
Author(s): I L AUSTIN
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 185
Sponsoring Agency: Michigan State University
East Lansing, MI 48824-1118
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 77-N1-99-0078
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS STUDY ANALYZED DISPARITIES IN CRIMINAL SENTENCES IMPOSED ON CONVICTED IOWA OFFENDERS IN RELATION TO THE RURAL-URBAN LOCATION OF THE SENTENCING COURT.
Abstract: STUDY DATA WERE DERIVED FOR EXISTING SOURCES INCLUDING THE IOWA DIVISION OF ADULT CORRECTIONS AND THE BUREAU OF CORRECTIONAL EVALUATION WITH THE IOWA DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SERVICES. INVOLVING A PRIMARY SAMPLE OF 1,664 CASES AND A SECONDARY SAMPLE OF 53 CASES, THE DATA WERE ANALYZED BY A CORRELATIONAL RESEARCH DESIGN WHICH USED SIMPLE AND MULTIVARIATE LEVELS OF ANALYSIS. MAJOR FINDINGS FROM THE STUDY CENTERED ON THREE TOPICS: SENTENCE TYPE, SENTENCE LENGTH, AND CLASSIFICATION OF RESIDENTIAL OFFENDERS. DATA INDICATE THAT (1) A DISPROPORTIONATE NUMBER OF OLDER AND NONWHITE OFFENDERS WERE SENTENCED TO PRISON DESPITE THE ABSENCE OF RELEVANT LEGAL CRITERIA; (2) WITHIN RURAL COURTS, A DISPROPORTIONATE NUMBER OF NONWHITE OFFENDERS AND OFFENDERS WITH THREE OR MORE LEGAL DEPENDENTS WERE SENTENCED TO PRISON WITHOUT RELEVANT LEGAL CRITERIA; AND (3) WITHIN URBAN COURTS, LEGAL CONSIDERATIONS WERE MORE IMPORTANT THAN EXTRALEGAL ONES IN ACCOUNTING FOR TYPE OF SENTENCE RECEIVED, WHILE WITHIN RURAL COURTS AND, TO AN EXTENT SEMIRURAL COURTS, THE OPPOSITE WAS TRUE. NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES WERE FOUND FOR SENTENCE LENGTH EXCEPT FOR URBAN COURTS, WHERE LEGAL VARIABLES HAVE GREATER EXPLANATORY POWER THAN EXTRALEGAL VARIABLES. THE OFFENDERS SENTENCED TO RESIDENTIAL CORRECTIONS IN POLK COUNTY WERE RELATIVELY SIMILAR TO PROBATION OFFENDERS IN THEIR OVERALL CHARACTERISTICS BUT DISSIMILAR TO INSTITUTIONAL OFFENDERS, BOTH WITHIN POLK COUNTY AND THE STATE AS A WHOLE. STUDY FINDINGS CONTAIN A NUMBER OF THEORETICAL AND POLICY-RELATED IMPLICATIONS REGARDING CRIMINAL SENTENCING AND THE RURAL-URBAN DIMENSION. ALSO RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH EFFORTS IN THE AREA OF CRIMINAL SENTENCING AND THE RURAL-URBAN FACTOR ARE SUGGESTED. TABULAR DATA AND A SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE PROVIDED.
Index Term(s): Geographical sentencing variation; Iowa; Minorities; Offenders; Rural area studies; Sentencing/Sanctions; Urban area studies
Note: MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSTIY - DOCTORAL DISSERTATION
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63216

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