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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 63264 Find in a Library
Title: REHABILITATION RHETORIC - COMMUNITY - BASED CORRECTIONS REALITY
Journal: LAE (LAMBDA ALPHA EPSILON) JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CRIMINAL JUSTICE ASSOCIATION  Volume:42  Issue:NOS 1 AND 2  Dated:(WINTER/ SPRING 1979)  Pages:81-88
Author(s): R P BAE
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: American Criminal Justice Association
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: ARGUMENTS ARE PRESENTED FOR COMMUNITY-BASED REINTEGRATION PROGRAMS THAT ASSIST OFFENDERS IN THE TRANSITION FROM INCARCERATION TO SOCIETY.
Abstract: AS A DETERRENT PUNISHMENT, THE EXISTING CORRECTIONS SYSTEM IMPOSES SOCIAL ISOLATION ON INMATES AND, AT THE SAME TIME, ASPIRES TO INFLUENCE PRISONERS TO REFORM. ITS FAILURE IS ATTESTED TO BY HIGH RECIDIVISM AND CRIME RATES. BECAUSE 95 PERCENT OF THE INMATES CURRENTLY CONFINED WILL EVENTUALLY BE RELEASED, COMMUNITY-BASED TREATMENT PROGRAMS ARE SUGGESTED AS A MEANS OF PERMITTING OFFENDERS ACCESS TO THE COMMUNITY AND ALLOWING THEM INDIVIDUAL MOBILITY TO FIND SOURCES OF PERSONAL SATISFACTION. COMMUNITY-BASED PROGRAMS ARE SMALL, DECENTRALIZED, COMMUNITY-ORIENTED FACILITIES TO ASSIST OFFENDER REINTEGRATION INTO SOCIETY. AN ENUMERATION OF THE HIDDEN COSTS OF INCARCERATION ILLUSTRATES THE FINANCIAL BURDEN ON SOCIETY. HOWEVER, THE COMMUNTY-BASED CORRECTIONS PROGRAM IS SELF-SUPPORTING; EACH PARTICIPANT HAS A JOB, PAYS RENT, ABIDES BY THE RULES AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE PROGRAM, AND IS A PRODUCTIVE MEMBER OF SOCIETY. TO OFFSET FINANCIAL INSTABILITY SUFFERED BY MOST DISCHARGED OFFENDERS, THE COMMUNITY-BASED PROGRAM STIPULATES MAINTENANCE OF A SAVINGS ACCOUNT FOR EACH OF ITS RESIDENTS. TABULAR DATA AND REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (MRK)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community-based corrections (adult); Corrections effectiveness; Cost/Benefit Analysis; Recidivism; Revolving door process; Social reintegration
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63264

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