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NCJ Number: 63266 Find in a Library
Title: PUNITIVE CITY - NOTES ON THE DISPERSAL OF SOCIAL CONTROL
Journal: CONTEMPORARY CRISES  Volume:3  Issue:4  Dated:(OCTOBER 1979)  Pages:339-363
Author(s): S COHEN
Corporate Author: Elsevier
Netherlands
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: Elsevier
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Elsevier North-Holland, Inc
New York, NY 10017
Institute for Scientific Information
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Sale Source: Elsevier North-Holland, Inc
52 Vanderbilt Avenue
New York, NY 10017
United States of America

Institute for Scientific Information
University City Science Ctr
3501 Market Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: USING A SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE, THIS ARTICLE DRAWS ON UNITED STATES AND BRITISH HISTORY TO DISCUSS CHANGES IN THE FORMAL APPARATUS OF SOCIAL CONTROL OVER THE LAST DECADE; EMPHASIS IS ON CRIME AND JUVENILE DELINQUENCY.
Abstract: THE CURRENT SYSTEM OF DEVIANCY CONTROL IS A PRODUCT OF LATE 18TH AND EARLY 19TH CENTURY DEVELOPMENT OF A CENTRALIZED STATE APPARATUS FOR THE CONTROL OF CRIME AND THE CARE OF DEPENDENTS, OF THE INCREASING DIFFERENTIATION OF THE DEVIANT AND DEPENDENT INTO SEPARATE TYPES, AND OF THEIR INCREASED SEGREGATION INTO 'ASYLUMS' (MENTAL HOSPITALS, PRISONS, REFORMATORIES, AND SIMILAR INSTITUTIONS) FOR TREATMENT AND PUNISHMENT. COMMUNITY CONTROL--A SEEMING REVERSAL OF THE SEGREGATED AND ISOLATED INSTITUTION--INVOLVES VARIOUS FORMS OF COMMUNITY-BASED INTENSIVE INTERVENTION AS WELL AS SENTENCING OPTIONS WHICH SERVE AS IMMEDIATE ALTERNATIVES TO INCARCERATION OR RELEASE. PROGRAMS ARE ESTABLISHED DURING A PREVENTIVE, POLICING, OR PRETRIAL STAGE TO DIVERT OFFENDERS FROM INITIAL OR FURTHER PROCESSING BY THE CONVENTIONAL SYSTEMS OF JUSTICE. SUCH PROGRAMS SHOULD RESULT IN THE BLURRING OF BOUNDARIES BETWEEN PRISONS AND RESIDENTIAL COMMUNITY FACILITIES AND IN THE INCREASE OF INTERVENTION DIRECTED AT VARIOUS GROUPS. THE CONCEPT OF 'PRIVATIZATION,' ITS RELATIONSHIP TO CURRENT CRIME PREVENTION EFFORTS, AND THE PROLIFERATION AND ELABORATION OF ADDITIONAL COMMUNITY CONTROL SYSTEMS ARE ALSO OUTLINED. NOTES ARE ATTACHED. (AOP)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community crime prevention programs; Community involvement; Crime Control Programs; History of juvenile justice; Juvenile correctional facilities; Social control theory
Note: PRICE QUOTED FOR ELSEVIER IS A SINGLE ISSUE
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63266

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