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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 63278 Find in a Library
Title: INTIMIDATION OF WITNESSES AND JURIES
Journal: ARMY QUARTERLY AND DEFENSE JOURNAL  Volume:104  Dated:(APRIL 1974)  Pages:285-289
Author(s): R CLUTTERBUCK
Corporate Author: West of England Press, Publishers, Ltd
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1974
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: West of England Press, Publishers, Ltd
Tavistock, Devon, England
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: INTIMIDATION OF WITNESSES AND JURIES AS A TECHNIQUE OF POLITICAL TERRORISTS IS DESCRIBED. LEGAL PROCEDURES USED BY THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT TO COMBAT ACTIVITIES OF THE IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY (IRA) ARE OUTLINED.
Abstract: THIS INTIMIDATION, AS PRACTICED BY ORGANIZATIONS LIKE THE MAFIA AND MALAYAN COMMUNISTS, IS AIMED AT PREVENTING THE CONVICTION OF CRIMINALS, TERRORISTS, OR THEIR SUPPORTERS. MODERN REVOLUTIONARY THEORISTS, SUCH AS CARLOS MARIGHELA, HAVE MADE PREVENTION OF CONVICTION A SECONDARY AIM AND THE RENDERING OF LIBERAL LAW PROCESSES AS UNWORKABLE A PRIMARY GOAL. THIS PRIORITY LEADS TO A LESSER DEGREE OF FAIRNESS, A GREATER CHANCE OF WRONGFUL CONVICTIONS, AND INCREASED FEELINGS OF INJUSTICE AMONG THE NEIGHBORS, FAMILIES, AND POTENTIAL SUPPORTERS OF THOSE WHO ARE CONVICTED OR DETAINED. THE ARTICLE DISCUSSES THE INTRODUCTION OF INTERNMENT WITHOUT TRIAL IN NORTHERN IRELAND IN AUGUST 1971; THE PROCEDURE FOR DETENTION INTRODUCED BY THE DIPLOCK COMMISSION; AS WELL AS THE CONSEQUENCES OF THESE PROCEDURES; AND THE DRAFTING OF TRIAL PROCEDURES FOR TERRORIST OFFENSES OR THE NORTHERN IRELAND (EMERGENCY PROVISIONS) ACT OF 1973, INCLUDING INDICTMENTS FOR CERTAIN 'SCHEDULED OFFENSES', AND PROVISION FOR CONFESSIONS AND CHANGES IN THE PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE. NO REFERENCES ARE GIVEN. (AOP)
Index Term(s): Ireland; Northern Ireland; Terrorism/Mass Violence; Witness protection; Witnesses
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63278

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