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NCJ Number: 63280 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: URBAN TERRORISM
Journal: MILITARY REVIEW  Volume:38  Issue:2  Dated:(FEBRUARY 1959)  Pages:93-99
Author(s): ANON
Corporate Author: US Dept of the Army
US Army Command and General Staff College
United States of America
Date Published: 1959
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of the Army
Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE DIGEST OF A 1958 ARTICLE BY A FRENCH ARMY COLONEL CONTENDS THAT URBAN TERRORISM TRIES TO CONQUER THE MINDS OF CITIZENS DURING TRANSITIONAL PERIODS BETWEEN THE 'COLD WAR' AND THE 'HOT WAR.'
Abstract: IN THE PAST, PROFESSIONAL SOLDIERS FOUGHT WARS DURING SHORT-LIVED PERIODS OF INTENSE CONFLICT. HOWEVER, AS EVOLUTION OF WEAPONS AND TACTICS DREW ENTIRE NATIONS INTO WARS, THE PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF WARFARE BECAME MORE APPARENT. SINCE 1940, ADVERSARIES HAVE DELIBERATELY INVOLVED ENTIRE POPULATIONS IN CONFLICTS IN ORDER TO BOTH CONVERT HOSTILE PERSONS TO THEIR RESPECTIVE IDEOLOGIES AND PUT OPPOSING FIGHTERS UNDER MENTAL PRESSURE. LIKEWISE URBAN TERRORISTS STRIVE TO INFLUENCE THE POPULATION WHICH IS CONTROLLED BY THE ENEMY GOVERNMENT. IDEOLOGICAL CONQUEST INVOLVES AN INITIAL PHASE DURING WHICH THE POPULATION BECOMES INDIFFERENT TOWARD ESTABLISHED AUTHORITIES AND NEUTRAL TOWARD THE TERRORISTS AND A SECOND PHASE DURING WHICH THE TERRORISTS FIND HELPERS FROM WITHIN THE POPULATION. THE TERRORISTS' OPERATIONS AND GOALS ARE SUCCESSFUL IF THE ESTABLISHED GOVERNMENT FAILS TO CONTROL THE TERRORISTS AND FAILS TO MAINTAIN THE CONFIDENCE OF THE POPULATION. AS POLICE AND MILITARY FORCES LEAVE THE PEOPLE UNDEFENDED, THE POPULATION BECOMES READY PREY FOR THE TERRORISTS' PROMISES OF PROTECTION BY AN AUTHORITARIAN LEADER. TYPICAL FEATURES OF A TERRORIST CAMPAIGN INCLUDE THE USE OF PROPAGANDA, THE SMUGGLING OF ARMS, AND A REQUIREMENT OF INITIAL SUCCESS. COUNTERACTION MUST INVOLVE PREVENTING ESCAPES BY TERRORISTS AND MAINTAINING POPULAR SUPPORT. (TWK)
Index Term(s): Civil disorders; Collective violence; Crisis management; Revolutionary or terrorist groups; Terrorism/Mass Violence; Urban guerrilla warfare
Note: TRANSLATED AND DIGESTED BY THE MILITARY REVIEW FROM AN ARTICLE BY COLONEL DE ROCGUIGNY IN THE REVUE MILITAIRE D'INFORMATION' (FRANCE), FEBRUARY 1958
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63280

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