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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 63295 Find in a Library
Title: CRIMINALISTICS AND SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATION
Author(s): F CUNLIFFE; P B PIAZZA
Corporate Author: Prentice Hall
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 432
Sponsoring Agency: Prentice Hall
Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632
Sale Source: Prentice Hall
Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632
United States of America
Type: Instructional Material
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: DIRECTED PRIMARILY AT STUDENTS IN COLLEGE-LEVEL CRIMINAL JUSTICE PROGRAMS, THIS BOOK INTRODUCES FUTURE INVESTIGATORS TO THE BASIC PRACTICES OF THE CRIME LABORATORY AND TO PROPER EVIDENCE-HANDLING METHODS.
Abstract: AN INTRODUCTORY-LEVEL TEXT TO THE FIELD OF CRIMINALISTICS AND SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATION, IT ASSUMES THAT READERS HAVE LITTLE SCIENTIFIC BACKGROUNDS. THUS, THE PRELIMINARY CHAPTERS USE SIMPLE EXPLANATIONS FOR FUNDAMENTAL TECHNICAL CONCEPTS AND DISCUSS VARIOUS TYPES OF MICROSCOPES AND ANALYTICAL INSTRUMENTS; I.E., MASS SPECTROMETERS, THE SPECTROGRAPH, AND X-RAY DIFFRACTION. THE BOOK MAINLY EXAMINES INDIVIDUAL TYPES OF EVIDENCE AND HOW THEY ARE HANDLED IN THE FIELD AND IN THE LABORATORY. CATEGORIES OF EVIDENCE INCLUDE GLASS, SOIL AND BOTANICAL EVIDENCE, PAINT, HAIR, FIBERS, BLOOD, BODY FLUIDS OTHER THAN BLOOD, METALS, FIREARMS, TRACKS AND IMPRESSIONS, AND TOOL MARKS. OTHER SPECIFIC TYPES OF EVIDENCE ARE FINGERPRINTS, VOICE PRINTS, EXPLOSIVES, DRUGS AND POISONS, DOCUMENT EXAMINATIONS (HANDWRITING, TYPEWRITING, FORGERY, INDENTED WRITING, INK, ALTERATIONS, AND CHARRED DOCUMENTS). THE USE OF PHOTOGRAPHY IN INVESTIGATIONS IS EXPLAINED (TYPES OF CAMERAS, PRINCIPLES OF PHOTOGRAPHY, AND CRIME SCIENCE PHOTOGRAPHY). THE POLYGRAPH, THE PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS EVALUATOR, AND THE LIE DETECTOR ARE DISCUSSED WITH EMPHASIS ON HOW THESE DEVICES RELY ON THE INVOLUNTARY REACTIONS OF THE HUMAN BODY TO INDICATE SIGNS OF GUILT OR INNOCENCE. FINALLY, NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN CRIMINALISTICS, INCLUDING PIONEERING WORK AND RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY, ARE HIGHLIGHTED. EACH CHAPTER HAS REVIEW QUESTIONS TO AID THE STUDENT. PHOTOGRAPHS AND DIAGRAMS SUPPLEMENT THE TEXT AND A GLOSSARY, BIBLIOGRAPHY, AND AN INDEX ARE PROVIDED. (PRG)
Index Term(s): Ballistics; Course materials; Crime laboratories; Crime Scene Investigation; Criminal investigation; Criminalistics; Drug analysis; Electron microscopy; Evidence identification; Forensic medicine; Glass analysis; Hair and fiber analysis; Mineral analysis; Paint analysis; Spectroscopy; Tissue analysis
Note: PRENTICE-HALL SERIES IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63295

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