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NCJ Number: 63320 Find in a Library
Title: DETERRENCE FINDINGS - EXAMINING THE IMPACT OF ERRORS IN MEASUREMENT (FROM CRIMINAL JUSTICE STATISTICS ASSOCIATION, INC - PROCEEDINGS..., 1979, - SEE NCJ-63318)
Author(s): S B LONG
Corporate Author: Justice Research and Statistics Association
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Justice Research and Statistics Association
Washington, DC 20002
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS PAPER DISCUSSES RESULTS OF A MONTE CARLO STUDY OF THE IMPACT OF MEASUREMENT ERROR ON THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN TWO RATIOS CORRESPONDING TO CERTAINTY OF PUNISHMENT AND CRIME RATES.
Abstract: RESEARCH ON DETERRENCE FAIRLY CONSISTENTLY REPORTS FINDING A NEGATIVE STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION BETWEEN CRIME RATES (CR) AND THE CERTAINTY OF PUNISHMENT (PR/CR). THE MONTE CARLO ANALYSIS TESTED THE SENSITIVITY OF THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN THE TWO RATIO VARIABLES TO VARYING AMOUNT OF CONSTANT AND RANDOM ERROR IN MEASURING THEIR COMPONENTS, THAT IS CR (CRIMES PER CAPITAL) AND PR (PUNISHMENTS PER CAPITA). RESULTS INDICATED THAT THE OBSERVED ASSOCIATION BETWEEN CRIME RATES AND THE CERTAINTY OF PUNISHMENT ARE NOT IN FACT NEGATIVE. THEY DID INDICATE THAT AN ALTERNATIVE EXPLANATION--ERRORS IN MEASUREMENT--COULD HAVE ACCOUNTED FOR THE STATISTICAL ASSOCIATIONS OBSERVED. THE FINDINGS SUGGEST THAT, UNTIL MORE ACCURATE CRIME STATISTICS BECOME AVAILABLE, CAUTION SHOULD BE EXERCISED IN INTERPRETING RESULTS FROM DETERRENCE WORK OF THIS TYPE. WHENEVER POSSIBLE, EFFORTS TO MEASURE THE PROBABLE EXTENT AND CHARACTER OF ERROR IN THE DATA SHOULD BE UNDERTAKEN. AT MINIMUM, ALTERNATIVE CALCULATIONS ALLOWING FOR VARYING LEVELS OF ERROR IN MEASUREMENT SHOULD BE MADE TO TEST THE SENSITIVITY OF THE FINDINGS TO POSSIBLE ERROR SOURCES AND TO ESTABLISH REASONABLE BOUNDS ON DETERRENCE ESTIMATES. TABLES AND REFERENCES ARE GIVEN. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--MJW)
Index Term(s): Criminal justice statistics; Deterrence; Deterrence effectiveness; Research methods; Statistical analysis; Testing and measurement
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63320

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