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NCJ Number: 63339 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: DEVELOPMENT OF THE FEDERAL PRISON SYSTEM
Author(s): G L HERSHBERGER
Corporate Author: US Dept of Justice
Federal Bureau of Prisons
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20534
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE FEDERAL PRISON SYSTEM IS PRESENTED AND SUPPLEMENTED WITH PHOTOGRAPHS.
Abstract: WHILE PRISONS AND HOUSES OF DETENTION HAD LONG EXISTED IN OTHER PARTS OF THE WORLD, THE CONCEPT OF THE PENITENTIARY WAS CREATED IN THE U.S. TWO SIMILAR YET DISTINCT PENITENTIARY SYSTEMS DEVELOPED: THE PENNSYLVANIA SYSTEM, BASED ON TOTAL SOLITARY CONFINEMENT; AND THE AUBURN SYSTEM, BASED ON CONGREGATE LABOR DURING THE DAY AND SOLITARY CONFINEMENT AT NIGHT. THE AUBURN SYSTEM SOON BECAME THE FAVORED SYSTEM BECAUSE OF THE FINANCIALLY SELF-SUSTAINING NATURE OF ITS PRISON INDUSTRIES. UNTIL 1895, ALL FEDERAL PRISONERS WERE HELD IN STATE OR LOCAL CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES. SEVERE PROBLEMS OF OVERCROWDING FOLLOWING THE CIVIL WAR CAUSED CONCERN UNTIL FINALLY, IN 1896, CONGRESS APPROPRIATED FUNDS FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF A PENITENTIARY CAPABLE OF HOLDING 1,200 INMATES LOCATED 3 MILES FROM THE PRISON AT FT. LEAVENWORTH, KANSAS. BETWEEN 1900 AND 1935, AMERICAN PRISONS, INCLUDING FEDERAL PRISONS, WERE PRIMARILY CUSTODIAL, PUNITIVE, AND INDUSTRIAL. IN 1930, THE U.S. BUREAU OF PRISONS WAS CREATED WITHIN THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE. THE EARLY GROWTH OF THE FEDERAL BUREAU OF PRISONS, FROM 1930 TO 1955, IS DESCRIBED, AS WELL AS THE INTERVENING YEARS OF 1955 TO 1970. FINALLY, RECENT CHANGES AND DEVELOPMENTS IN THE BUREAU OF PRISONS ARE DISCUSSED, INCLUDING NEW FORMS OF INMATE PROGRAMS AND CORRECTIONAL ALTERNATIVES TO TRADITIONAL INSTITUTIONAL CONFINEMENT, A COMMITMENT TO INMATE EDUCATION AND TRAINING, AND THE BUILDING OF MANY NEW FACILITIES. PHOTOGRAPHS, A MAP OF THE FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL SYSTEM, AND A SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE INCLUDED. (PRG)
Index Term(s): Correctional facilities; Correctional industries; Correctional institutions (adult); Correctional organization; Correctional reform; Federal Bureau of Prisons; Incarceration; Prison construction; State correctional facilities
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63339

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