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NCJ Number: 63397 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: ILLICIT DRUG AVAILABILITY - EFFECTS OF A LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM
Journal: EVALUATION QUARTERLY  Volume:3  Issue:4  Dated:(NOVEMBER 1979)  Pages:516-536
Author(s): G A GRIZZLE
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 73-NI-04-0002
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: BASED ON RECENT DRUG AVAILABILITY STUDIES LINKING THE AVAILABILITY OF DRUG USAGE, THIS STUDY EVALUATES THE ENFORCEMENT OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE LAWS ON DRUG AVAILABILITY IN THE COMMUNITY.
Abstract: IN 1972, MECKLENBURG COUNTY, N.C., WAS AWARDED A LEAA GRANT TO STRENGTHEN THE VICE CONTROL BUREAU'S DRUG PROGRAM BY PROVIDING THREE ADDITIONAL OFFICERS AND $10,000 IN 'BUY MONEY' (FUNDS USED BY UNDERCOVER AGENTS AND INFORMERS TO PURCHASE DRUGS). EXAMINING THE EFFECT OF THIS PROGRAM ON DRUG AVAILABILITY REQUIRED (1) MEASURING AVAILABILITY BEFORE AND AFTER THE PROGRAM STARTED, (2) IDENTIFYING THE IMMEDIATE PROGRAM PRODUCTS OR OUTPUTS, (3) LINKING THESE OUTPUTS TO CHANGES IN AVAILABILITY, (4) AND CONSIDERING EVENTS OTHER THAN THE ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM THAT MIGHT HAVE AFFECTED AVAILABILITY. RESULTS SHOWED AN APPARENT DECREASE IN THE SUPPLY OF OPIATES, PRIMARILY HEROIN; NO CHANGE IN THE SUPPLY OF HALLUCINOGENS; AND AN INCREASE IN AMPHETAMINES, BARBITURATES, AND MARIJUANA. TOTAL ARRESTS INCREASED FROM 422 TO 442, WHEREAS ARRESTS PER MAN-MONTH OF EFFORT DECLINED FROM 3.6 TO 2.9. AT THE 95 PERCENT CONFIDENCE LEVEL, BETWEEN 4 AND 30 PERCENT MORE OF THE 1973 ARRESTS WERE OF PEOPLE AT THE RETAIL LEVEL IN THE ILLICIT DRUG DISTRIBUTION NETWORK. BOTH THE NUMBER OF CONFISCATIONS AND THE AVERAGE VALUE FOR EACH CONFISCATION INCREASED AFTER MORE OFFICERS WERE ADDED AND AGAIN AFTER BUY MONEY WAS RECEIVED. THE ARREST AND CONFISCATION STATISTICS SHOW THAT VICE CONTROL OFFICERS MADE A SPECIAL EFFORT TO REDUCE THE ILLICIT DRUG DISTRIBUTION NETWORK. BOTH THE NUMBER OF CONFISCATIONS AND THE AVERAGE VALUE FOR EACH CONFISCATION INCREASED AFTER MORE OFFICERS WERE ADDED AND AGAIN AFTER BUY MONEY WAS RECEIVED. THE ARREST AND CONFISCATION STATISTICS SHOW THAT VICE CONTROL OFFICERS MADE A SPECIAL EFFORT TO REDUCE THE ILLICIT DISTRIBUTION OF HEROIN AND GAVE MUCH LESS ATTENTION TO BARBITURATES AND AMPHETAMINES. OVERALL, VICE CONTROL ACTIVITIES APPEAR TO BE ASSOCIATED WITH A REDUCTION IN THE AVAILABILITY OF ILLICIT DRUGS IN THE COMMUNITY. EVALUATORS OF SIMILAR PROGRAMS SHOULD PAY PARTICULAR ATTENTION TO METHODS OF OBTAINING CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION AND PROCEDURES FOR TAPPING THE KNOWLEDGE OF THOSE INVOLVED. TABULAR DATA ARE INCLUDED. (AOP)
Index Term(s): Drug abuse; Drug detection; Drug law enforcement; Drug law enforcement units; Drug law offenses; Drug laws; Drug regulation; Evaluation; Federal drug laws
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