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NCJ Number: 63403 Find in a Library
Title: INFORMATION, APPREHENSION, AND DETERRENCE - EXPLORING THE LIMITS OF POLICE PRODUCTIVITY
Journal: JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE  Volume:7  Issue:3  Dated:(FALL 1979)  Pages:217-241
Author(s): W G SKOGAN; G E ANTUNES
Corporate Author: Pergamon Press Limited
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: Institute for Scientific Information
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Pergamon Press
Elmsford, NY 10523
Pergamon Press Limited
Oxford, OX3 0BW, England
Sale Source: Institute for Scientific Information
University City Science Ctr
3501 Market Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States of America

Pergamon Press
Fairview Park
Elmsford, NY 10523
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS ARTICLE FOCUSES ON A CRUCIAL LINK IN POLICE DETERRENCE POLICY--THE ABILITY OF THE POLICE TO GATHER EVIDENCE, SOLVE CRIMES, AND MAKE ARRESTS.
Abstract: A VARIETY OF STUDIES OF POLICE APPREHENSION WERE REVIEWED USING THE HYPOTHESIS THAT AN IMPORTANT DETERMINANT OF POLICE ABILITY TO APPREHEND CRIMINALS IS INFORMATION. POLICE ENJOY VARYING AMOUNTS OF INFORMATION IN CRIMINAL CASES AND THIS IN TURN AFFECTS THEIR ABILITY TO SOLVE CRIMES. ABSENCE OF INFORMATION IN MANY CASES PLACES CLEAR BOUNDS ON THE ABILITY OF POLICE TO BRING ABOUT SOLUTIONS. TO DISCOVER WHETHER THESE BOUNDARIES ARE HIGH OR LOW, DATA FROM THE 1973 NATIONAL CRIME PANEL WERE ANALYZED; THEY CONCERNED THE TYPES AND AMOUNT OF INFORMATION POTENTIALLY AVAILABLE TO POLICE THROUGH VICTIM REPORTS AND PATROL ACTIVITIES. THE ANALYSIS RESULTS SUGGEST THAT IF POLICE RELY ON INFORMATION MADE READILY AVAILABLE TO THEM, THEY WILL NEVER APPREHEND MORE CRIMINALS THAN AT PRESENT. HOWEVER, THERE APPEARS TO BE MORE INFORMATION AVAILABLE TO BYSTANDERS AND PASSING PATROLS THAN CURRENTLY IS BEING USED, SUGGESTING THAT SURVEILLANCE STRATEGIES AND IMPROVED POLICE METHODS FOR ELICITING, RECORDING, AND ANALYZING INFORMATION SUPPLIED BY VICTIMS AND WITNESSES MIGHT INCREASE THE PROBABILITY OF SOLVING CRIMES AND MAKING ARRESTS. THE ARTICLE CONCLUDES WITH A REVIEW OF INNOVATIONS SUGGESTED IN THE LITERATURE OF POLICE PRODUCTIVITY AND PROCEDURE. TABLES, NOTES, AND REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--MJW)
Index Term(s): Arrest and apprehension; Police crime-prevention; Police effectiveness; Police reform
Note: REQUEST PHOTOCOPY OF ARTICLE WHEN ORDERING FROM PERGAMON
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63403

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