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NCJ Number: 63426 Find in a Library
Title: CRIMINAL JUSTICE - AN OVERVIEW
Author(s): A B SMITH; H POLLACK
Corporate Author: Holt, Rinehart and Winston
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 262
Sponsoring Agency: Holt, Rinehart and Winston
New York, NY 10017
Sale Source: Holt, Rinehart and Winston
383 Madison Avenue
New York, NY 10017
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE PURPOSE OF THIS OVERVIEW OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE IS TO ASK INFORMED QUESTIONS AND TO POINT OUT WHAT WILL NOT WORK IN ACHIEVING CRIME PREVENTION AND JUSTICE IN THE COURTS.
Abstract: LARGE CITIES ARE THE BOOK'S FOCAL POINT BECAUSE IT IS IN LARGE URBAN AREAS THAT THE AMERICAN CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM IS PERILOUSLY CLOSE TO BREAKDOWN. IN THIS SECOND EDITION, MATERIAL RELATING TO THE POSTADJUDICATORY PROCESS AND CAPITAL PUNISHMENT HAS BEEN UPDATED AND EXPANDED. THE FIRST CHAPTER DISCUSSES JUSTICE, LAW, AND THE COURTS, INTRODUCES THE CONCEPTS OF NATURAL RIGHTS AND JUDICIAL REVIEW, AND DESCRIBES ENGLISH ROOTS OF AMERICAN LAW, THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, AND THE NATURE OF STATE AND FEDERAL JUDICIAL SYSTEMS. CONCEPTS OF DEVIANCE AND THEORIES ON THE ORIGIN OF CRIMINAL LAW ARE ALSO DISCUSSED AS DIFFERENTIAL HANDLING OF CRIMINALS THAT ARE RICH, POOR, BLACK, WHITE, PARIAHS, OR POLITICAL HERETICS. ADDITIONAL SECTIONS ON CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY EXAMINE THE EFFECTS OF IN RE GAULT ON THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM AND ASSESS PROCEDURAL REFORM. PRETRIAL INSANITY HEARINGS, A CRITIQUE OF THE M'NAGHTEN RULE, AND A DISCUSSION ON RELEASING THE INSANITY DEFENDANT ARE ALSO GIVEN. ADDITIONAL CHAPTERS DESCRIBE THE POLICE (AREAS OF DISCRETION, CORRUPTION, AND THE POLITICAL DIRECTION OF POLICE ACTIVITIES); THE BUREAUCRATIZATION OF JUSTICE; RIGHTS OF THE ACCUSED; AND THE ROLE OF PROBATION, PAROLE, AND IMPRISONMENT AFTER CONVICTION. THE VALIDITY OF CRIME STATISTICS ARE DISCUSSED IN THE ACCOMPANYING APPENDIX, AND SELECTED READINGS AND NOTES ARE PROVIDED FOR EACH CHAPTER. (AOP)
Index Term(s): Arrest statistics; Behavioral science research; Crime Statistics; Criminal justice education; Criminal justice statistics; Criminology; Jurisprudence; Offender statistics; Police education; Police statistics; Statistics
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63426

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