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NCJ Number: 63430 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: CONCEPT OF TERROR
Author(s): C LEIDEN
Date Published: 1972
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Conference Material
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: EXAMINATION OF CONCEPTS ASSOCIATED WITH TERROR, SUCH AS VIOLENCE, TARGETS, PSYCHOLOGICAL REACTION, AND TERRORIST GOALS, ARE EXAMINED TO ARRIVE AT A DEFINITION OF TERROR.
Abstract: A BRIEF CONFERENCE PAPER EXAMINES SOME OF THE CHARACTERISTICS OF TERROR AFTER ASSIGNING THE STUDY TO THE REALM OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY. THE EMPHASIS IS ON THE RESULTS PRODUCED BY AN ACT RATHER THAN ON THE ACT ITSELF. SOME OF THE ASPECTS OF TERROR EXAMINED ARE ITS RELATION TO VIOLENCE, RANDOMNESS, IMPORTANCE AND NATURE OF TARGETS, NATURE OF THE RESPONSE OF THE VICTIMS, PEOPLE'S PERCEPTIONS OF BEING PART OF A TARGET GROUP, REACTION OF LEGITIMATE AUTHORITY TO TERRORIST ACTS, AND REQUIREMENTS FOR A CAMPAIGN OF TERROR. FROM THESE ELEMENTS A DEFINITION OF TERROR IS DERIVED: TERROR IS A PSYCHOLOGICAL STATE OF DESPAIR AND DESPERATION (IN WHICH LARGE NUMBERS OF PEOPLE IMAGINE THEMSELVES TO BE VICTIMS) PRODUCED USUALLY AMONG A WELL-DELINEATED GROUP OF INDIVIDUALS BY A SERIES OF ACTS, USUALLY BUT NOT NECESSARILY VIOLENT IN NATURE, AND COMMITTED BY INDIVIDUALS WHO, IF THEY INTEND THEIR ACTS TO PRODUCE TERROR, ARE TERMED TERRORISTS. TERRORISTS INTEND TO EMBARRASS, TO CHALLENGE, TO DESTROY SOME INSTITUTION, GOVERNMENT, OR GROUP BY THEIR ACTIONS. (RFC)
Index Term(s): Attitudes; Psychological warfare; Terrorist ideologies
Note: PRESENTED AT THE CONFERENCE ON TERRORISM, US. DEPARTMENT OF STATE, WASHINGTON, D.C., OCTOBER 1972
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63430

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