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NCJ Number: 63436 Find in a Library
Title: ANATOMY OF TERRORISM
Journal: NATION  Volume:188  Dated:(JANUARY 3, 1959), 250-252
Author(s): B CROZIER
Corporate Author: Nation Associates, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1959
Page Count: 3
Sponsoring Agency: Nation Associates, Inc
New York, NY 10014
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: AN ANALYSIS OF TERRORISM, BASED ON ITS USE IN ALGERIA, VIETNAM, MALAYA, IRELAND, AND CUBA, SUGGESTS THAT IT IS THE TOOL OF THE WEAK, USED BY DESPERATE PERSONS IN THE EARLY STAGES OF REBELLION.
Abstract: TERRORISM IS NEARLY ALWAYS USED IN THE FIRST STAGE OF RESISTANCE. THE SECOND STAGE IS GUERRILLA WARFARE AND THE THIRD, ALL OUT WAR. A GROUP WILL USE TERROR IN THE EARLY STAGES OF REBELLION BECAUSE IT SELDOM FEELS STRONG ENOUGH TO USE OTHER TACTICS. AT TIMES ALL THREE STAGES MAY RUN CONCURRENTLY. IN COMING TO THIS CONCLUSION, THE ARTICLE EXAMINES INSURRECTIONS IN ALGERIA AND VIETNAM AGAINST THE FRENCH, MALAYA, AND CYPRUS WHERE THEY WERE PARTIALLY SUCCESSFUL, IN KENYA WHERE THEY FAILED, AND IN IRAN, PALESTINE, AND THE SUEZ CANAL ZONE WHERE THEY WERE SUCCESSFUL. THE REASONS FOR SUCCESS OR FAILURE LIE IN THE METHODS USED BY THE TERRORISTS AND THE CIRCUMSTANCES IN WHICH THEY OPERATED. IN THE PLACES THEY FAILED, THE TERROR WAS DIRECTED AT THE LOCAL POPULATION WHILE IN THE PLACES THEY SUCCEEDED, THE TERROR WAS DIRECTED AT AN ENEMY VIEWED AS AN INTRUDER. TERRORISTS ARE LIKELY TO WIN IF THEY HAVE POPULAR SUPPORT. OFFICIAL TERRORISM WORKS, BUT ONLY IN A TOTALITARIAN STATE. THE ROLE OF PUBLIC OPINION IN CURBING TERRORISM IS ALSO CONSIDERED, PARTICULARLY IN CONNECTION WITH THE MASS MEDIA. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT PUBLIC OPINION HAS HAD LITTLE EFFECT ON TERRORIST TACTICS. (RFC)
Index Term(s): Cuba; Cyprus; Kenya; Malaysia; Middle East; Northern Ireland; Revolutionary or terrorist groups; Terrorism/Mass Violence; Terrorist ideologies; Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63436

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