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NCJ Number: 63455 Find in a Library
Title: NUCLEAR THREAT OF TERRORISM
Journal: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GROUP TENSIONS  Volume:6  Issue:NOS 1 AND 2  Dated:(1976)  Pages:53-66
Author(s): L R BERES
Corporate Author: International Organization for the Study of Group Tensions
United States of America
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: International Organization for the Study of Group Tensions
New York, NY 10023
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: WITHOUT APPROPRIATE PREVENTIVE ACTIONS BY GOVERNMENTS, THE THREAT OF NUCLEAR TERRORISM WILL CREATE INTOLERABLE POLITICAL CONDITIONS THROUGHOUT THE WORLD, AS INDICATED IN AN ANALYSIS OF TERRORIST ACTIVITIES.
Abstract: THE POSSIBILITIES FOR TERRORISTS' USE OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS HAS INCREASED AS DISAFFECTED GROUPS HAVE CEASED TO CONFINE THEIR VIOLENCE TO SPECIFIC POLITICAL OR MILITARY PERSONNEL AND HAVE CONDUCTED RANDOM ATTACKS ON THE PUBLIC. SUCH INDISCRIMINATE ASSAULTS, COUPLED WITH THE TERRORISTS' APPARENT INSENSITIVITY, TO PROMISES OF RETALIATION AND INDICATIONS OF TERRORIST COOPERATION, INCREASES THE POSSIBILITY THAT TERRORISTS WILL OBTAIN AND USE HIGHLY DESTRUCTIVE WEAPONS. ALREADY OFFENDERS HAVE SHOT AT COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT WITH MISSILES AND HAVE MASSACRED PASSENGERS IN AIRPORTS. WITH SOPHISTICATED WEAPONS, ANY GROUP HAS A POTENTIAL TO PRECIPITATE EXTRAORDINARY LEVELS OF GLOBAL INSTABILITY. IRONICALLY, THE FEAR THAT TERRORISTS CAN STRIKE AT ANY PLACE AND AT ANY TIME MAY HAVE CREATED A HIGHLY TOLERANT ATTITUDE TOWARDS TERRORISM ON THE PART OF ITS POTENTIAL VICTIMS. MANY VULNERABLE PERSONS CONSIDER CAPITULATION AND RESIGNATION TO BE APPROPRIATE RESPONSES TO TERRORISM. HOWEVER, EVEN NATIONS WHICH FEAR TERRORISM MAY TAKE STEPS TO CONVINCE TERRORISTS THAT THE PROSPECTIVE COSTS OF OFFENSES EXCEED THE POSSIBLE BENEFITS. COUNTERTERRORISM BY INDIVIDUAL STATES ACTING IN THE ABSENCE OF INTERNATIONAL REMEDIES MAY AT LEAST INVOLVE THE DENIAL OF SANCTUARIES TO TERRORISTS. NEVERTHELESS, MORE STRINGENT SECURITY MEASURES ARE REQUIRED FOR THE PROTECTION OF NUCLEAR POWER STATIONS AND ARSENALS. TERRORISTS COULD USE DIVERTED NUCLEAR COMPONENTS AND FUEL OR COULD SABOTAGE NUCLEAR FACILITIES. INTERNATIONAL TREATIES ARE REQUIRED TO REDUCE THE PROSPECT OF NUCLEAR THEFT. FOOTNOTES ARE PROVIDED. (TWK)
Index Term(s): International cooperation; Nuclear facility security; Nuclear terrorism; Revolutionary or terrorist groups; Terrorist tactics; Terrorist weapons
Note: PREPARED FOR PRESENTATION AT THE THIRTEENTH NORTH AMERICAN PEACE SCIENCE CONFERENCE OF THE PEACE SCIENCE SOCIETY (INTERNATIONAL), CAMBRIDGE, MASS, NOVEMBER 10-12 1975
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63455

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