skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 63516 Find in a Library
Title: CURRENT CRIMINOLOGICAL PROBLEMS
Journal: CUADERNOS PANAMENOS DE CRIMINOLOGICA  Volume:6  Dated:(1978)  Pages:23-43
Author(s): R DELOLMO
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 21
Format: Article
Language: Spanish
Country: Panama
Annotation: THE CAUSES OF THE CURRENT PROBLEMS OF CRIMINOLOGY AS A VIABLE DISCIPLINE ARE ANALYZED FROM A LATIN AMERICAN VIEWPOINT AND TRACED TO LOCAL (SOCIETAL AND POLITICAL), AS WELL AS GLOBAL (TRANSNATIONAL) FACTORS.
Abstract: CRIMINOLOGY IS UNDERGOING AN EPISTEMOLOGICAL AND PRACTICAL CRISIS, WHICH CAN ONLY BE OVERCOME BY SHIFTING EMPHASIS FROM THE STUDY OF THE CRIMINAL, OR DEVIANT PERSONALITY (VIEWED AS VIOLATING LEGALLY DEFINED AND UNIVERSALLY VALID NORMS OF BEHAVIOR) TO THE STUDY OF THE VALIDITY OF THE NORMS THEMSELVES AND THE SOCIAL CONTROL MECHANISMS WHICH CREATED THEM (GOVERNMENT AUTHORITIES AND CRIMINAL CODES). THIS MUST BE DONE WITHOUT GOING TO THE OTHER EXTREME OF APPLYING DANGEROUS RELATIVISM TO DEVIANT BEHAVIOR, AS WAS THE CASE WITH RADICAL CRIMINOLOGISTS OF LAST TWO DECADES, ESPECIALLY IN ENGLAND, THE U.S., AND GERMANY, WHO WERE INFLUENCED BY ANTIESTABLISHMENT ATTITUDES AND PREVAILING COUNTERCULTURES, WHICH OFTEN IDEALIZED DEVIANTS AS VICTIMS OF LABELING AND OF SOCIETY. CRIMINOLOGISTS MUST MODERNIZE BY STUDYING A VARIETY OF NEW CRIMES, NOT FORMERLY RECOGNIZED AS SUCH OR ACTUALLY NONEXISTENT, BECAUSE THEY WERE CREATED BY NEW CIRCUMSTANCES; WHICH OPERATE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES THROUGH LOCAL SUBSIDIARIES AND MANIPULATE LOCAL MARKETS WITH THE PAID COMPLICITY OF LOCAL OFFICIALS, WHO USUALLY BECOME EXECUTIVES OF THE MULTINATIONALS AFTER THEIR TERM OF OFFICE EXPIRES. SO FAR MULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS HAVE ESCAPED THE SANCTIONS OF LOCAL CRIMINAL JURISDICTION WHICH THEY DO NOT RECOGNIZE, AND CURE BOUND ONLY BY VOLUNTARY (NONENFORCEABLE) COMPLIANCE WITH A CODE OF ETHICS WORKED OUT BY THE ORGANIZATION FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND ECONOMIC COOPERATION. AMONG THE PROPER SUBJECTS OF STUDY FOR MODERN CRIMINOLOGISTS ARE ALSO FORMS OF HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS, 'REPRESSIVE CRIMES' (STATE-SANCTIONED VIOLENCE) COMMITTED BY GOVERNMENT AUTHORITIES AND THE POLICE, AND WHITE-COLLAR CRIMES. IF IT ADAPTS ITSELF TO THESE REALITIES, CRIMINOLOGY STILL HAS A KEY ROLE TO PLAY IN LATIN AMERICA. --IN SPANISH. (LGR)
Index Term(s): Bribery; Criminology; Deviance; Latin America; Law reform; Social change; White collar crime
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63516

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.