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NCJ Number: 63535 Find in a Library
Title: USES OF VIOLENCE
Journal: JOURNAL OF CONFLICT RESOLUTION  Volume:7  Issue:1  Dated:(MARCH 1963)  Pages:43-54
Author(s): H L NIEBURG
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1963
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS 1963 ARTICLE ASSERTS THAT THE RISK OF VIOLENCE IS NECESSARY AND USEFUL IN PRESERVING NATIONAL SOCIETIES. IT INCLUDES FLEXIBILITY AND STABILITY AND FACILITIES PEACEFUL SOCIAL CHANGE.
Abstract: THE THREAT OF VIOLENCE AND THE OCCASIONAL OUTBREAK OF REAL VIOLENCE ARE ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS IN CONFLICT RESOLUTION, BOTH IN INTERNATIONAL AND NATIONAL COMMUNITIES. VIOLENCE HAS TWO INEXTRICABLE ASPECTS: ITS ACTUAL USE (POLITICAL DEMONSTRATIONS, SELF-IMMOLATION, SUICIDE, CRIMES OF PASSION, ETC.) OR ITS POTENTIAL USE. THE FUNCTION OF VIOLENCE IS INVESTIGATED, BEGINNING WITH AN OUTLINE OF CONCEPTS SUCH AS CONSENSUS AND COMPETITION. PRIVATE DEMONSTRATIONS OF VIOLENCE ARE ILLEGAL IN ALL DOMESTIC SOCIETIES. TOLERATION IS ACCORDED TO THREATS OF POTENTIAL VIOLENCE, HOWEVER, TO THE EXTENT THAT THE LAWS AND INSTITUTIONS ARE DEMOCRATIC. A VIABLE SYSTEM BASED ON LAW PROTECTS THE CONDITIONS OF GROUP ACTION. THE THREAT OF VIOLENCE AND THE FEAR OF THE BREAKDOWN OF LAW AND ORDER ACT TO MODERATE DEMANDS AND POSITIONS, THEREBY SETTING INTO PEACEFUL MOTION THE INFORMAL POLITICAL PROCESSES OF NEGOTIATION, CONCESSION, COMPROMISE, AND AGREEMENT. IN INTERNATIONAL POLITICS, THE THREAT OF VIOLENCE TENDS TO CREATE STABILITY AND MAINTAIN PEACE BECAUSE THE DANGERS OF ESCALATING INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT INDUCE GREATER RESTRAINT ON THE PART OF NATIONAL LEADERS. NO SYSTEM CAN SURVIVE UNLESS IT CAN LIVE WITH AND ADJUST ITSELF TO THE MANY THREATS OF VIOLENCE WHICH ARE THE BASIS OF SOCIAL CHANGE. ALTHOUGH THE CONCEPT OF 'REASON,' AS UNDERSTOOD BY WESTERN PHILOSOPHERS, PLAYS AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN CONFLICT RESOLUTION, CONFLICTS CANNOT BE SOLVED AS MERELY LEGALISTIC, ACADEMIC, OR IDEOLOGICAL ABSTRACTIONS. THE DIMENSIONS OF COMMITMENT TO A CAUSE AND THE IMPLICIT THREAT OF VIOLENCE MAKE SOCIAL CHANGE A REALITY. SPECIFIC EXAMPLES ARE DISCUSSED, INCLUDING THE FOUNDING OF THE STATE OF ISRAEL AND THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT IN THE U.S. IN THE 1960'S. FOOTNOTES AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (PRG)
Index Term(s): Civil disorders; Collective violence; Conflict resolution; Conflict theory; International law; Israel; Nonviolent behavior; Political influences; Violence
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63535

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