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NCJ Number: 63564 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM, ISSUE BRIEF NO IB74042 (FROM INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM - HEARINGS BEFORE THE HOUSE SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE NEAR EAST AND SOUTH ASIA, 93RD CONGRESS, 2ND SESSION, 1974 - SEE NCJ-63559)
Author(s): ANON
Corporate Author: US Congress
House Subcommittee on the Near East and South Asia
United States of America
Date Published: 1974
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: US Congress
Washington, DC 20515
Type: Legislative/Regulatory Material
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE BACKGROUND AND ANALYSIS OF U.S. POLICY INTITIATIVES IN THE AREA OF INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM ARE PRESENTED IN THIS ISSUE BRIEF FROM A CONGRESSIONAL HEARING ON TERRORISM.
Abstract: ACTS OF INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM HAVE BECOME INCREASINGLY WIDESPREAD AND DIVERSIFIED AND AFFECT THE SAFETY OF AMERICAN TRAVELERS, BUSINESS PERSONS, AND DIPLOMATS ABROAD, AS WELL AS IMPINGING UPON U.S. INTERNAL SECURITY. TWO TERRORIST GROUPS CURRENTLY CAUSING INTERNATIONAL CONCERN ARE THE ARGENTINE PEOPLE'S REVOLUTIONARY ARMY AND THE POPULAR FRONT FOR THE LIBERATION OF PALESTINE. KIDNAPPINGS OF FOREIGN BUSINESSPERSONS AND DIPLOMATS HAVE BECOME ENDEMIC IN LATIN AMERICAN AND ARE SPREADING INTO MEXICO. TWO BASIC APPROACHES TO THE PROBLEM ARE THE (1) UNILATERAL IMPROVEMENT OF INTERNAL SECURITY, AND (2) COLLECTIVE INTERNATIONAL ACTION TO PUNISH TERRORISTS AS A DETERRENT TO FUTURE VIOLENCE. THE U.S. HAS ENCOURAGED MULTILATERAL ACTION AGAINST TERRORISM, PARTICULARLY IN THE UNITED NATIONS AND IN ITS SPECIALIZED AGENCY, THE INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION (ICAO). THREE TREATIES DEALING WITH THE PROTECTION OF INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION NEGOTIATED UNDER THE AUSPICES OF ICAO ARE NOW IN FORCE: (1) THE 1963 TOKYO CONVENTION ON OFFENSES AND CERTAIN OTHER ACTS COMMITTED ON BOARD AIRCRAFT, (2) THE 1970 HAGUE CONVENTION FOR THE SUPPRESSION OF UNLAWFUL SEIZURE OF AIRCRAFT, AND (3) THE 1971 MONTREAL CONVENTION FOR THE SUPPRESSION OF UNLAWFUL ACTS AGAINST THE SAFETY OF CIVIL AIRCRAFT. OTHER INTERNATIONAL ANTITERRORIST AGREEMENTS AND DOMESTIC LEGISLATION ARE NOTED. A CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS CONCERNING TERRORIST ACTIVITIES COVERS THE PERIOD FROM AUGUST 1969 THROUGH MID-MAY 1974. ADDITIONAL REFERENCE SOURCES ARE LISTED. (WJR)
Index Term(s): Aircraft hijacking; Aircraft security; Antiterrorist laws; Crisis management; International agreements; International cooperation; International terrorism; Latin America; Mexico; Overseas personnel security; Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine; Revolutionary or terrorist groups; Terrorist kidnapping; United States of America; US House of Representatives
Note: LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE, ISSUE BRIEFS SYSTEM
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63564

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