skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 63587 Find in a Library
Title: THREE QUESTIONS ON TERRORISM
Journal: GOVERNMENT AND OPPOSITION  Volume:8  Issue:3  Dated:(SUMMER 1973)  Pages:290-312
Author(s): P WILKINSON
Corporate Author: Mannheim Centre for Criminology
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1973
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: Mannheim Centre for Criminology
London, WC2A 2AE
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE NATURE OF TERROR, ITS MAJOR FORMS, AND CAUSES ARE EXPLORED AS PART OF AN ANALYSIS OF THE SUBJECT.
Abstract: THIS STUDY EXAMINES THREE QUESTIONS NECESSARY TO FURTHER ANALYSIS OF TERROR: (1) HOW TERRORISM IS DEFINED AND WHAT DIFFERENTIATES IT FROM OTHER FORMS OF ORGANIZED VIOLENCE, (2) WHAT MAJOR FORMS TERRORISM TAKES, AND (3) WITH THE AID OF COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS AND HISTORICAL LITERATURE, WHAT CAUSES CAN BE DEDUCED? AMORALITY DISTINGUISHES TERROR FROM OTHER FORMS OF ORGANIZED VIOLENCE. EXAMPLES OF THIS ARE GIVEN INCLUDING THE 19TH CENTURY RUSSIAN NARODNAYA VOLYA, THE IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY (IRA) PROVISIONALS, AND ARAB GUERRILLA GROUPS OPERATING TODAY. JUDGMENTS OF AMORALITY SHOULD BE MADE ONLY ON AUTHENTICATED EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE. THE DISCUSSION OF THE MAJOR FORMS OF TERRORISM INCLUDES THE GENERAL CONTEXT AND FORMS USED, CONDITIONS CONDUCIVE TO TERROR, AND FACTORS TENDING TO INHIBIT OR REDUCE TERROR. THE MAJOR FORMS AND EXAMPLES OF EACH ARE (1) WAR TERROR, EXEMPLIFIED BY THE ACTS OF THE VIKINGS, GERMAN ACTIVITIES IN THE FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAR, AND THE STRATEGIC BOMBING OF NORTH VIET NAM; (2) REPRESSIVE TERROR, SUCH AS FORCED COLLECTIVIZATION IN THE SOVIET UNION; AND (3) REVOLUTIONARY TERROR, EXEMPLIFIED BY THE IRA, RECOUNTED IN NOVELS BY CAMUS AND MALRAUX, AND DEBATED BY GUERRILLA THEORISTS SUCH AS CHE GUEVARA. RECENT KEY TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF REVOLUTIONARY TERRORISM ARE SUMMARIZED, INCLUDING THE PROLIFERATION OF SECRET SOCIETIES SPECIALIZING IN TERROR AND ALOOF FROM THE BROAD-BASED GUERRILLA MOVEMENTS, MORE DARING METHODS OF EXTRACTING CONCESSIONS, EXPROPRIATION OF FUNDS, LIBERATION OF PRISONERS, AND CAPTURE OF ARMS. THESE INCLUDE HIJACKING, KIDNAPPING, ASSASSINATION, GREATER INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IN TRAINING AND LOGISTICAL SUPPORT OF TERRORIST GROUPS, AND SOPHISTICATED WEAPONS. SOME CONTRIBUTORY CAUSES OF TERRORISM INCLUDE WEAPONS DEVELOPMENT AND AVAILABILITY, REVOLUTIONARY WAR AS A SURROGATE FOR GENERAL WAR, AND AN IDEOLOGICAL FANATICISM THAT JUSTIFIES AND GLORIFIES VIOLENCE, OFTEN AIMED AT FOSTERING RACIAL AND CLASS HATREDS. THE STUDY CONCLUDES THAT FEW OF THESE CAUSES APPEAR AMENABLE TO INTERNATIONAL OR NATIONAL JUDICIAL OR POLITICAL MEASURES. FOOTNOTES ARE INCLUDED. (RFC)
Index Term(s): Cuba; Irish Republican Army (IRA); Israel; Middle East; Terrorism causes; Terrorist tactics; Theory
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63587

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.