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NCJ Number: 63591 Find in a Library
Title: DEFEATING TERRORISM - THREE LINES OF DEFENSE (FROM RESEARCH STRATEGIES FOR THE STUDY OF INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL TERRORISM - FINAL REPORT, 1977, BY RONALD D CRELINSTEN - SEE NCJ-63590)
Author(s): R H KUPPERMAN
Corporate Author: University of Maryland
Dept of Criminal Justice and Criminology
United States of America

Universite de Montreal, Centre International de Criminologie Comparee
Canada
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Universite de Montreal, Centre International de Criminologie Comparee
Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3c 3j7
University of Maryland
College Park, MD 20742
Type: Conference Material
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: THIS PAPER, PRESENTED AT AN INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR ON RESEARCH STRATEGIES FOR STUDYING INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM, EXAMINES THE CRISIS MANAGEMENT APPROACH AS WELL AS OTHER TYPES OF DEFENSES.
Abstract: OTHER POSSIBLE DEFENSES INCLUDE ELIMINATING TERRORISM'S ROOT CAUSES, INTELLIGENCE COLLECTION, AND PHYSICAL SECURITY. INTELLIGENCE GATHERING IT IS CONCLUDED, IS SUBJECT TO ABUSES BY THE GOVERNMENT, WHILE PHYSICAL SECURITY IS TOO EXPENSIVE AND TOO RESTRICTIVE TO BE WIDELY APPLICABLE. CRISIS MANAGEMENT, THE LAST AND MOST DIFFICULT LINE OF DEFENSE, GETS TOO LITTLE ATTENTION FROM GOVERNMENTS. CRISIS MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES ARE APPROPRIATE TO THOSE SITUATIONS (HOSTAGE TAKING, POLITICALLY MOTIVATED HIJACKINGS, SEIZURE OF ECONOMIC ASSETS AND INSTITUTIONS, AND THREATS OF MASS DESTRUCTION) IN WHICH THE TERRORISTS HAVE NOT YET ACTIVATED THEIR FULL DESTRUCTIVE POTENTIAL AND IN WHICH BARGAINING IS STILL POSSIBLE. GOVERNMENTS MUST AVOID THE EXTREMES OF GRANTING SUBSTANTIVE CONCESSIONS TO TERRORISTS OR ADOPTING PURE NO-CONCESSIONS POLICIES. COMMUNICATION WITH TERRORISTS IS IMPORTANT. YIELDING MINOR POINTS TO GAIN TIME IS DESIRABLE. NEGOTIATIONS SHOULD BE HANDLED PRIMARILY THROUGH REGULAR GOVERNMENTAL CHANNELS, AND ADVANCED PLANNING AND CLEAR LINES OF RESPONSIBILITY ARE NECESSARY. OPEN AND COOPERATIVE RELATIONS WITH THE MEDIA ARE IMPORTANT. IF BARGAINING IS UNSUCCESSFUL, THE GOVERNMENT MUST TRY TO LIMIT TERRORISTS' DAMAGE BY BOTH FORMAL AND SUBSTANTIVE MEASURES (PREVENTION, CONTROL, CONTAINMENT, AND RESTORATION. EFFORTS TO DEVELOP INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION ON TERRORISM AND RESEARCH ON COUNTERTERRORISM SHOULD BE PURSUED. A BIBLIOGRAPHY IS INCLUDED. FOR OTHER PAPERS FROM THE SAME SEMINAR, SEE NCJ-63592-63600. (CFW)
Index Term(s): Counter-terrorism tactics; Crisis management; Emergency procedures; International terrorism; Research methods; Research programs
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63591

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