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NCJ Number: 63597 Find in a Library
Title: SOME THOUGHTS ON THE MILITARY OPTION (FROM RESEARCH STRATEGIES FOR THE STUDY OF INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL TERRORISM - FINAL REPORT, 1977, BY RONALD D CRELINSTEN SEE NCJ-63590)
Author(s): B M JENKINS
Corporate Author: University of Maryland
Dept of Criminal Justice and Criminology
United States of America

Universite de Montreal, Centre International de Criminologie Comparee
Canada
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Universite de Montreal, Centre International de Criminologie Comparee
Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3c 3j7
University of Maryland
College Park, MD 20742
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: THE NECESSITY, UTILITY, AND FEASIBILITY OF USING MILITARY FORCE TO COMBAT TERRORISM ARE EXAMINED IN THIS PRESENTATION AT AN INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR ON RESEARCH STRATEGIES FOR THE STUDY OF TERRORISM.
Abstract: IN THE U.S., CIVILIAN POLICE FORCES HAVE BEEN AUGMENTED BY SPECIAL WEAPONS AND TACTICS (SWAT) TEAMS TO DEAL WITH VIOLENT INCIDENTS WITHOUT MILITARY HELP. DESPITE THE SUCCESSFUL ISRAELI RESCUE AT ENTEBBE, THE MILITARY OPTION SHOULD NOT BE UNDERTAKEN LIGHTLY. NEVERTHELESS, USE OF MILITARY FORCE MIGHT BE REQUIRED (1) TO RESCUE NATIONALS HELD ABROAD, (2) TO PURSUE TERRORISTS WHO HAVE CAPTURED A NUCLEAR DEVICE OR INSTRUMENT OF MASS DESTRUCTION, (3) TO RESPOND TO A SPECIFIC THREAT DIRECTED AGAINST ONE OR MORE COUNTRIES, (4) TO ATTACK THE BASE OF A TERRORIST GROUP OPERATING ACROSS NATIONAL BOUNDARIES, AND (5) TO RETALIATE AGAINST A SPECIFIC TERRORIST ATTACK. THREE PROBLEM AREAS COMPLICATE THE ISSUE OF WHETHER INTERNATIONAL FORCES COULD BE ESTABLISHED TO DEAL WITH INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM. FIRST, THE COMPOSITION, STRUCTURE, AND NATURE OF SUCH MILITARY FORCES WOULD HAVE TO BE DECIDED. SECOND, THE NEED FOR MULTILATERAL DECISIONMAKING TO USE SUCH A FORCE RAISES ISSUES OF SECRECY, TIMING, AND THE DECISIONMAKING PROCESS. THIRD, NUMEROUS LEGAL RAMIFICATIONS WOULD NEED TO BE CONSIDERED. THE MILITARY OPTION IS A MEASURE OF LAST RESORT, BUT IT MUST BE SERIOUSLY DEBATED BY INTERNATIONAL BODIES. PRIOR MUTILATERAL AGREEMENTS AND MULTINATIONAL FORCES WOULD REDUCE THE POTENTIAL ADVERSE POLITICAL CONSEQUENCES OF USING THE MILITARY OPTION. FOR RELATED PAPERS FROM THE SAME SEMINAR, SEE NCJ-63591-63596 AND 63598-63600. (CFW)
Index Term(s): Counter-terrorism tactics; Crime specific countermeasures; International cooperation; US Armed Forces
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63597

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