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NCJ Number: 63606 Find in a Library
Title: SETTING NEW STANDARDS FOR SAFEGUARDING THE PEACEFUL ATOM (FROM PREVENTING NUCLEAR THEFT - GUIDELINES FOR INDUSTRY AND GOVERNMENT, 1972, BY ROBERT B LEACHMAN AND PHILLIP ALTHOFF - SEE NCJ-63601)
Author(s): C D W THORNTON
Corporate Author: Praeger Publishers
United States of America
Date Published: 1972
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Praeger Publishers
Westport, CT 06881
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE NATURE AND NECESSITY OF NUCLEAR INDUSTRY AND SOCIETAL ACTION TO MINIMIZE OR REDUCE RISKS OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS DIVERSION FROM PEACEFUL USES TO WEAPONS USES ARE EXAMINED.
Abstract: SOCIETY CURRENTLY ASSUMES THAT SAFEGUARDS ARE ADEQUATE, ARE IN GOOD HANDS, AND NEED LITTLE ATTENTION. UNDER THE CURRENT STANDARD OF 0.5 PERCENT MATERIALS UNACCOUNTED FOR (MUF), HOWEVER, THE CUMULATIVE TOTAL OF MUF IS LARGE AND GROWING EVERY YEAR. MANY RECENT NUCLEAR PLANTS HAVE BEEN BUILT ACCORDING TO PAST DESIGNS WHICH PROVIDE INADEQUATE SAFEGUARDS AGAINST THEFTS. IN ADDITION, NUCLEAR INVENTORY METHODS ARE INADEQUATE AND USED TOO INFREQUENTLY TO BE EFFECTIVE. STANDARDS PROPOSED BY THE ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION, BEGINNING WITH FACILITY DESIGN STANDARDS, ARE OBTRUSIVE AND EXPENSIVE BUT ARE NECESSARY TO PROVIDE THE SAME SECURITY AGAINST MATERIALS THEFT THAT IS NOW PROVIDED AGAINST REACTOR MALFUNCTION. INDUSTRY SHOULD TAKE STEPS SUFFICIENT FOR PROTECTION, RATHER THAN ONLY THE LEGALLY REQUIRED STEPS. IMPROVED PHYSICAL PROTECTION SYSTEMS AND MORE FREQUENT MATERIAL BALANCE CLOSINGS WOULD BE DESIRABLE. EFFORTS TO IMPROVE SAFEGUARDS SHOULD FOCUS ON MEASUREMENTS, INFORMATION PROMPTNESS, DESIGN IMPROVEMENTS, AND PHYSICAL PROTECTION. MEASUREMENTS COULD BE BETTERED BY IMPROVING TECHNOLOGY, STANDARDS, CALIBRATION, SAMPLING, AND HOMOGENEITY. MORE TIMELY MEASUREMENT AND REPORTING WOULD IMPROVE THE SYSTEMS ABILITY TO TAKE REMEDIAL ACTION. IMPROVEMENTS IN STATISTICAL TECHNIQUES WOULD REDUCE RISKS RESULTING FROM MEASUREMENT UNCERTAINTY. BY INCREASING SOCIETAL EXPENDITURES ON IMPROVING SAFEGUARDS, THE RISK OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS THEFT WOULD BE REDUCED. INDUSTRY AND GOVERNMENT MUST BOTH AIM FOR AND IMPOSE RATIONAL, EQUITABLE, AND ECONOMICAL STANDARDS TO PERMIT THE NUCLEAR INDUSTRY TO GROW. FIGURES AND AUDIENCE DISCUSSION ARE INCLUDED. (CFW)
Index Term(s): Citizen/business terrorism prevention; Crime detection; Crime specific countermeasures; Critiques; Data collections; Federal government; Information Systems and Technology; Nuclear energy; Nuclear facility security; Nuclear terrorism; Radioactive material; United States of America
Note: PAPER PRESENTED AT A SYMPOSIUM OF IMPLEMENTING NUCLEAR SAFEGUARDS, SPONSORED BY THE DIVERSION SAFEGUARDS PROGRAM ON THE CAMPUS OF KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY, OCTOBER 25-27, 1971
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63606

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