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NCJ Number: 63608 Find in a Library
Title: INTERNATIONAL SAFEGUARDS - A STUDY OF THE INFLUENCE OF TECHNOLOGY ON POLITICAL DECISIONS (FROM PREVENTING NUCLEAR THEFT - GUIDELINES FOR INDUSTRY AND GOVERNMENT 1972, BY ROBERT B LEACHMAN AND P ALTHOFF - SEE NCJ-63601)
Author(s): D ZOLLMAN
Corporate Author: Praeger Publishers
United States of America
Date Published: 1972
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: National Science Foundation
Washington, DC 20550
Praeger Publishers
Westport, CT 06881
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A STUDY OF THE RELATIONS BETWEEN THE POLTICAL AND TECHNICAL VARIABLES INVOLVED IN A MODEL NUCLEAR SAFEGUARDS SYSTEM INDICATES THE DIRECTION WHICH SAFEGUARDS MAY TAKE IN THE FUTURE.
Abstract: TO DETERMINE THE PROCEDURE BY WHICH SAFEGUARDS POLICIES ARE AGREED UPON, AND TO INVESTIGATE THE INTERACTION OF TECHNICAL AND POLITICAL ASPECTS OF SAFEGUARDS, A RESEARCH QUESTIONNAIRE WAS ADMINISTERED TO 84 SAFEGUARDS EXPERTS OF 23 NATIONALITIES. THE SURVEY GROUP INCLUDED SCIENTISTS AND EXPERTS FROM COUNTRIES BOTH WITH AND WITHOUT LARGE-SCALE NUCLEAR POWER PROGRAMS. THE QUESTIONNAIRE ELICITED RESPONSES CONCERNING FIVE DISTINCT SAFEGUARDS SYSTEMS RANGING FROM A SYSTEM IN WHICH NUCLEAR INDUSTRY COULD DENY INSPECTORS ACCESS TO POWER FACILITIES, TO A SYSTEM IN WHICH THE NATION HAD NO DENIAL RIGHTS AND THE INSPECTORS HAD COMPLETE FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT IN ANY FACILITY. FOR EACH PROPOSED SYSTEM, ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS WERE POSED CONCERNING SUCH TOPICS AS SAFEGUARD DESIGN, REPORTING OF DIVERTED NUCLEAR MATERIAL, AND LICENSING OF FACILITIES. RESULTS OF THE SURVEY INDICATE THE IMPORTANCE OF TECHNOLOGICAL INTERACTION IN THE OVERALL SAFEGUARDS SYSTEM AND THE IMPORTANCE OF A NATION'S EXPERIENCE IN NUCLEAR POWER GENERATION IN INFLUENCING ITS PERCEPTION OF ADEQUATE SAFEGUARDS. THE LENGTH OF TIME A NATION HAS USED NUCLEAR POWER AND ITS CAPACITY FOR GENERATING POWER DIRECTLY CORRESPONDS TO THE WILLINGNESS OF ITS EXPERTS TO ACCEPT STRINGENT EXTERNAL CONTROLS. A SIMILAR RESULT IS SEEN IN THE TECHNICAL ELITE'S PERCEPTION OF THE FINAL SYSTEM TO BE ESTABLISHED UNDER THE NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION TREATY. ALTHOUGH MANY OF THE MEMBER NATIONS OF THE INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY HAVE LITTLE OR NO NUCLEAR POWER CAPACITY, AS THEY DEVELOP SUCH CAPACITY THEY MAY PREFER MORE STRINGENT SAFEGUARDS. TABULAR DATA AND FOOTNOTES ARE PROVIDED. (TWK)
Index Term(s): Counter-terrorism tactics; International agreements; International cooperation; Nuclear energy; Nuclear facility security; Nuclear terrorism; Political influences; Radioactive material
Note: PAPER PRESENTED AT A SYMPOSIUM OF IMPLEMENTING NUCLEAR SAFEGUARDS, SPONSORED BY THE DIVERSION SAFEGUARDS PROGRAM ON THE CAMPUS OF KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY, OCTOBER 15-27, 1971
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63608

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