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NCJ Number: 63610 Find in a Library
Title: SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL STUDIES OF THE SAFEGUARDS PROBLEM (FROM PREVENTING NUCLEAR THEFT - GUIDELINES FOR INDUSTRY AND GOVERNMENTS, 1972, BY ROBERT B LEACHMAN AND PHILLIP ALTHOFF - SEE NCJ-63601)
Author(s): L RAPPOPORT; J D PETTINELLI
Corporate Author: Praeger Publishers
United States of America
Date Published: 1972
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: National Science Foundation
Washington, DC 20550
Praeger Publishers
Westport, CT 06881
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: AN EXAMINATION OF THE SOCIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS OF SAFEGUARDS IN THE NUCLEAR INDUSTRY INDICATES THAT DECISIONMAKING IN UNCERTAIN AND DIFFICULT CIRCUMSTANCES CREATES CONFUSION EVEN FOR CAPABLE PERSONNEL.
Abstract: A SERIES OF SURVEYS WAS CONDUCTED TO DETERMINE THE SOCIAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS THAT WOULD CONFRONT DECISIONMAKERS IN A CIRCUMSTANCE OF DIVERSION OF WEAPONS-QUALITY NUCLEAR MATERIALS. TO IDENTIFY PARTICULAR SOURCES OF UNCERTAINTY IN THE SAFEGUARDS ENVIRONMENT, A 'HAZARDS SURVEY' ELICITED RESPONSES FROM 128 PERSONS INVOLVED IN NUCLEAR SCIENCE. THEY WERE QUESTIONED CONCERNING THE VULNERABILITY OF NUCLEAR FUEL TO DIVERSION. AMONG GOVERNMENT AND LABORATORY PERSONNEL, 62 AND 60 PERCENT RESPECTIVELY FELT THAT A SUBSTANTIAL RISK OF DIVERSION EXISTED IN FABRICATION PLANTS DURING THE FABRICATION PROCESS. ONLY 46 PERCENT OF THE INDUSTRIAL PERSONNEL SAW THE RISK DURING FABRICATION TO BE SUBSTANTIAL. MOST RESPONDENTS FELT THAT EXISTING PERSONNEL SELECTION METHODS WERE EFFECTIVE IN SCREENING OUT UNRELIABLE PERSONS. INTERVIEWS WITH LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITIES AND A DEVELOPED QUESTIONNAIRE PRODUCED RESPONSES SUGGESTING THAT THE DRUG AND NARCOTICS INDUSTRIES OFFER A CLOSE PARALLEL TO THE NUCLEAR FUEL INDUSTRY. PROTECTIVE ARRANGEMENTS RELYING ON CLOSE COOPERATION BETWEEN INDUSTRY, LABOR, AND GOVERNMENT HAVE PROVED EFFECTIVE FOR PREVENTING DIVERSION IN THE DRUG INDUSTRY. THE USE OF SEVERAL SIMULATIONS ANALYZED THE BEHAVIOR OF DECISIONMAKERS CONFRONTING SAFEGUARDS PROBLEMS. THE GRADUATE STUDENTS INVOLVED IN THE SCENARIOS EVALUATED THE MERITS OF VARIOUS SECURITY SYSTEMS, NEGOTIATED SAFEGUARDS PROPOSALS, AND MADE JUDGMENTS CONCERNING DIVERSION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF INSPECTORS. WHILE SEVERAL DIFFICULTIES WERE PROVOKED BY THE SIMULATIONS, THEY INDICATE THE COMPLEX FACTORS WHICH MUST BE ANTICIPATED IN ACTUAL CRISES. FOOTNOTES ARE PROVIDED. (TWK)
Index Term(s): Behavioral science research; Crisis management; Nuclear energy; Nuclear facility security; Nuclear terrorism; Psychological research; Simulation
Note: PAPER PRESENTED AT A SYMPOSIUM OF IMPLEMENTING NUCLEAR SAFEGUARDS, SPONSORED BY THE DIVERSION SAFEGUARDS PROGRAM ON THE CAMPUS OF KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY, OCTOBER 25-27, 1971
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63610

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