skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 63612 Find in a Library
Title: WHO ARE THE ENEMY? (FROM PREVENTING NUCLEAR THEFT GUIDELINES FOR INDUSTRY AND GOVERNMENT, 1972, BY ROBERT B LEACHMAN AND PHILLIP ALTHOFF - SEE NCJ-63601)
Author(s): J E LOVETT
Corporate Author: Praeger Publishers
United States of America
Date Published: 1972
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Praeger Publishers
Westport, CT 06881
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: TWO TYPES OF POTENTIAL NUCLEAR MATERIALS THIEVES (NONWEAPONS STATES AND TERRORISTS) ARE EXAMINED WITH RESPECT TO THEIR MOTIVES, RESOURCES, CONSTRAINTS, AND APPROPRIATE SAFEGUARDS.
Abstract: THE HISTORY OF SAFEGUARDS DEVELOPMENT SHOWS THAT POTENTIAL THREATS AND RELATED SAFEGUARDS HAVE HITHERTO BEEN ONLY VAGUELY AND INADEQUATELY DEFINED. NONWEAPONS STATES WOULD MOST PROBABLY STEAL TO ACQUIRE A SECRET NUCLEAR ARSENAL OF AT LEAST TWO OR THREE OPERATIONAL DEVICES. EXTENSIVE TECHNICAL AND FINANCIAL RESOURCES WOULD BE NECESSARY TO MAKE WEAPONS FROM THE STOLEN MATERIAL. BECAUSE OF THE LARGE QUANTITIES OF MATERIALS NEEDED OVER A LONG PERIOD OF TIME, MATERIALS BALANCE SYSTEMS SHOULD BE EFFECTIVE AT DETECTING THEFT, WHEREAS, PERSONNEL AND PHYSICAL SECURITY MEASURES ARE OF MINIMAL IMPORTANCE. IN CONTRAST, TERRORISTS WOULD PROBABLY OBTAIN MATERIALS BY HIJACKING OR BOMBING SHIPMENTS, STEAL MATERIALS OR DEVICES FROM A FACILITY, OR TRY TO CONSTRUCT A DEVICE. SINCE TERRORISTS HAVE FEW FINANCIAL OR TECHNICAL RESOURCES COMPARED TO NONWEAPONS STATES, THEY MUST STEAL PLUTONIUM OR HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM. PHYSICAL AND PERSONNEL SECURITY SYSTEMS ARE THEREFORE THE MOST IMPORTANT SAFEGUARDS AGAINST TERRORISTS. MATERIAL BALANCE ACCOUNTING SYSTEMS ARE MINIMALLY IMPORTANT. A THIRD TYPE OF POTENTIAL THIEF, ORGANIZED CRIME SYNDICATES, IS DISCUSSED AND DISCOUNTED. ORGANIZED CRIME WOULD STEAL NUCLEAR MATERIALS ONLY FOR GAIN OFFERED BY ONE OF THE OTHER TWO GROUPS. OTHER THREATS OR ILLOGICAL BEHAVIOR BY POTENTIAL DIVERTERS ARE ALSO POSSIBLE. THOSE CONCERNED ABOUT THESE POSSIBILITIES SHOULD EXAMINE THEM LOGICALLY RATHER THAN PROPOSING SAFEGUARDS BASED ON VAGUE GENERALIZATIONS. AUDIENCE DISCUSSION IS INCLUDED. (CFW)
Index Term(s): Crime detection; Crime specific countermeasures; Data collections; Information Systems and Technology; Nuclear facility security; Nuclear terrorism; Radioactive material
Note: PAPER PRESENTED AT A SYMPOSIUM OF IMPLEMENTING NUCLEAR SAFEGUARDS, SPONSORED BY THE DIVERSION SAFEGUARDS PROGRAM ON THE CAMPUS OF KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY, OCTOBER 25-27, 1971
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63612

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.