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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 63670 Find in a Library
Title: ECOLOGICAL AND AREAL STUDIES IN GREAT BRITAIN AND THE UNITED STATES (FROM CRIME AND JUSTICE - AN ANNUAL REVIEW OF RESEARCH, V 1, 1979, BY NORVAL MORRIS AND MICHAEL TONRY - SEE NCJ-63668)
Author(s): J BALDWIN
Corporate Author: University of Chicago Press
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 38
Sponsoring Agency: University of Chicago Press
Chicago, IL 60637
Type: Survey
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A CRITIQUE OF THE ECOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF DELINQUENCY WHICH FORMS THE BASIS OF A NUMBER OF BRITISH AND AMERICAN CRIMINOLOGICAL STUDIES IS PROVIDED AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS ASSESSED.
Abstract: GIVEN THE MULTITUDE OF SUCH STUDIES AND THEIR INCREASING STATISTICAL COMPLEXITY, A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT OF THEIR CONTRIBUTION TO THE UNDERSTANDING OF DELINQUENCY IS PARAMOUNT. IN MUCH OF THIS WORK, THE OBJECTIVES OF RESEARCH HAVE BECOME BLURRED, CONCEPTUAL DIFFICULTIES AND AMBIGUITIES HAVE BEEN OVERLOOKED, AND CONCLUSIONS HAVE BEEN PRESENTED AS IF A TECHNICALLY SOPHISTICATED METHODOLOGY OBVIATED THE NEED FOR CAREFUL EXPLANATION. HOWEVER, PROMISING DIRECTIONS FOR FURTHER WORK EXIST, AND PARTICULAR ATTENTION SHOULD BE PAID TO RESEARCH STIMULATED IN RECENT YEARS BY OSCAR NEWMAN'S BOOK DEFENSIBLE SPACE (1972) WITH ITS EMPHASIS ON ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN IN CRIME PREVENTION. NEW SOURCES OF CRIME DATA--PARTICULARLY VICTIMIZATION STUDIES AND SELF-REPORTED DELINQUENCY STUDIES--MAY ENRICH AREAL RESEARCH. RESEARCH THAT EXPLORES THE COMPLEX SOCIAL PROCESSES WHICH OPERATE TO CREATE DELINQUENCY AREAS WILL ULTIMATELY PRODUCE MORE KNOWLEDGE ABOUT SUCH AREAS THAN WILL COMPLEX STATISTICAL CORRELATIONS. FOOTNOTES AND REFERENCES ARE GIVEN. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--MJW)
Index Term(s): Criminal justice statistics; Criminology; Data collection devices; Data collections; Estimates; Frequency distribution; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Juvenile delinquency research; Research; Research methods; Sampling; State-by-state analyses; Statistical analysis; Statistics; Studies; Surveys
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63670

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