skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 63674 Find in a Library
Title: REVIEW OF CRIME-CAUSATION THEORY AND ITS APPLICATION (FROM CRIME AND JUSTICE - AN ANNUAL REVIEW OF RESEARCH, V 1, 1979, BY NORVAL MORRIS AND MICHAEL TONRY - SEE NCJ-63668)
Author(s): D GLASER
Corporate Author: University of Chicago Press
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 35
Sponsoring Agency: University of Chicago Press
Chicago, IL 60637
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: CRIME CAUSATION THEORY DERIVED FROM RELEVANT AND PROVEN ABSTRACT BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE THEORY AND TESTED BY PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS REMAINS THE BEST HOPE FOR EFFECTIVE CRIME PREVENTION.
Abstract: THIS ESSAY REVIEWS MAJOR HISTORICAL INTERPRETATIONS OF OFFENSES FROM THE 18TH THROUGH THE MID-20TH CENTURY; ASSESSES THEORIES OF THE PAST FEW DECADES; AND INTEGRATES ALL STILL-VIABLE EXPLANATIONS OF WILLFUL LAWBREAKING INTO A DIFFERENTIAL ANTICIPATION THEORY. THE PRINCIPLES OF THIS THEORY ARE LARGELY SUPPORTED BY CORRECTIONAL EVALUATION STUDIES, AND DEMONSTRATE THAT LOWER RECIDIVISM RATES FOR MANY OFFENDERS CAN BE ACHIEVED BY MEASURES THAT STRENGTHEN THE CONVENTIONAL BONDS, EFFECTIVELY TRAIN OFFENDERS FOR LEGITIMATE OCCUPATIONS, AND IMPROVE THEIR OPPORTUNITIES FOR GAINING ECONOMIC SELF-SUFFICIENCY. THE THEORY ALSO SUPPORTS EFFORTS TO REDUCE CRIME OPPORTUNITIES BY ANY OF A VARIETY OF METHODS (FINES, PROBATION, INCARCERATION) WHEN THEIR BENEFIT TO SOCIETY OFFSETS THEIR SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC COSTS. THUS, DECISIONMAKERS CAN DESIGN SENTENCES AND CORRECTIONAL PRACTICES THAT MINIMIZE BONDS AMONG CRIMINALS AND THE EXTENT TO WHICH THEY ARE CRIMINALIZED BY EACH OTHER, AND MAXIMIZE THE BONDS OF OFFENDERS TO CONVENTIONAL PERSONS AND TO THEIR LEARNING AND OPPORTUNITIES. THE THEORY OF DIFFERENTIAL ANTICIPATION CAN PROVIDE, THEREFORE, A FOUNDATION FOR SENSIBLE AND HOPEFUL PUBLIC POLICIES. A LIST OF REFERENCES IS GIVEN. (MJW)
Index Term(s): Correctional reform; Crime causes theory; Crime prevention measures; Recidivism; Social control theory
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63674

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.