skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 63741 Find in a Library
Title: MAKING THE OFFENDER PAY - REVITALIZING AN ANCIENT IDEA (FROM CRITICAL ISSUES IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE, 1979, BY R G IACOVETTA AND DAE H CHANG - SEE NCJ-63717)
Author(s): B GALAWAY
Corporate Author: Carolina Academic Press
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Carolina Academic Press
Durham, NC 27701
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS ESSAY EXAMINES RESTITUTION AS A SANCTION FOR OFFENDERS, STUDYING THE KINDS OF RESTITUTION, THE PRACTICAL PROBLEMS, AND ITS ADVANTAGES.
Abstract: CONTEMPORARY RESTITUTION CAN BE CLASSIFIED IN FOUR WAYS: (1) THE OFFENDER MAKES A MONETARY PAYMENT TO THE VICTIM OF THE CRIME; (2) THE OFFENDER MAKES A MONETARY PAYMENT TO SOME SUBSTITUTE VICTIM SUCH AS A COMMUNITY CHARITY; (3) THE OFFENDER MAKES PAYMENT TO THE VICTIM IN THE FORM OF SERVICE, (4) THE OFFENDER PROVIDES A SERVICE TO SOME COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION. EXAMPLES OF THE FOUR TYPES CAN BE FOUND WORLDWIDE, GEORGIA AND MINNESOTA RESTITUTION CENTERS (TYPE I AND II), THE PILOT ALBERTA RESTITUTION PROGRAM OF BRITISH COLUMBIA (TYPE III) AND THE COMMUNITY SERVICES ORDER PROGRAM OF GREAT BRITAIN (TYPE IV). THEIR INCREASING POPULARITY IS DUE PARTLY TO THE ADVANTAGES OF RESTITUTION AS A SANCTION ALTERNATIVE, A METHOD TO ALLOW VICTIM PARTICIPATION IN THE JUSTICE PROCESS, AND AN OPPORTUNITY FOR VICTIM-OFFENDER RECONCILIATION. PRACTICAL ISSUES OF RESTITUTION, HOWEVER, OFTEN CAUSE PROBLEMS. THESE INCLUDE METHODS FOR DETERMING THE AMOUNT TO BE REPAID, PARTICULARLY IN CASES OF NONTANGIBLE LOSS OR WHEN EXCESSIVE RESTITUTION MAY BE REQUESTED; METHODS OF ENFORCING THE OBLIGATION; ADMINSTRATIVE COSTS OF RESTITUTION; THE QUESTION OF VICTIM CULPABILITY. BOTH ARBITRATION AND NEGOTIATION PROCEDURES ARE USED TO DETERMINE THE AMOUNT OF THE RESTITUTION OBLIGATION. MAJOR PROJECTS ARE BEING FUNDED TO STUDY RESTITUTION AND ITS ADMINSTRATION. DISCUSSION QUESTIONS AND NOTES COMPLETE THE TEXT. (RFC)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community service order; Restitution; Restitution centers; Restitution programs; Victim compensation
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63741

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.