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NCJ Number: 63756 Find in a Library
Title: POST-WORLD WAR 2 TRENDS IN DELINQUENCY IN THE US - SOME THEORETICAL AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS (FROM CRITICAL ISSUES IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE, 1979, BY R G IACOVETTA AND DAE H CHANG - SEE NCJ-63717)
Author(s): T G POVEDA
Corporate Author: Carolina Academic Press
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: Carolina Academic Press
Durham, NC 27701
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE INCREASE IN THE JUVENILE DELINQUENCY RATE AFTER WORLD WAR II WAS A REAL INCREASE AND RESULTED FROM A CHANGE IN AMERICAN SOCIAL POLICY TOWARDS CHILDREN.
Abstract: THIS ESSAY EXAMINES THE MAJOR TRENDS IN DELINQUENCY SINCE 1940, EXAMINES THE CHANGES IN SOCIAL POLICY TOWARD DELINQUENCY, AND THE IMPLICATIONS IN AN ADVANCED INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY. THE REPORT IS BASED ON UNIFORM CRIME REPORTS AND JUVENILE COURT STATISTICS. THE ESSAY DESCRIBES THE CHANGES IN THE COMPILATION OF NATIONAL DELINQUENCY STATISTICS, AND THE PROBLEMS OF MEASUREMENT AND INTERPRETATION OF POLICE AND JUDICIAL RECORDS IN DELINQUENCY. THE PROBLEMS NOTED INCLUDE QUESTIONS OF BEHAVIOR OF JUVENILES IN RELATION TO POLICE DISCRETIONARY POWER, THE POSSIBILITY THAT THE INCREASE IN THE JUVENILE ARREST RATE IS DUE TO GREATER POLICE EFFICIENCY, CHANGES IN THE DEFINITION OF DELINQUENCY, AND THE INABILITY OF ARREST DATA TO REFLECT THE VAST MAJORITY OF DELINQUENT ACTS. TRENDS IN OFFICIAL DELINQUENCY ARE EXAMINED FOR WHAT THEY REVEAL ABOUT THE NATURE OF THE INCREASE IN DELINQUENCY. OTHER APPROACHES MADE ARE TO SEE DELINQUENCY OCCURRENCE DIFFERENTIALLY BY SOCIAL CLASS, WITH AUTO THEFT USED AS THE EXAMPLE, AND TO COMPARE DELINQUENCY RATES IN RESIDENTIAL AREAS MORE OR LESS ASSOCIATED WITH SPECIFIC SOCIAL CLASSES. THEORETICAL AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS ARE STUDIED, WITH THE NOTE THAT SHIFTS IN EMPHASIS ON SOCIAL POLICY FROM TREATING THE INDIVIDUAL, TO REORGANIZING POOR NEIGHBORHOODS, TO RADICAL NONINTERVENTION APPEAR TO HAVE LITTLE IMPACT ON LONG-TERM NATIONAL TRENDS. THE ESSAY CONCLUDES THAT THE CONTINUOUS INCREASE IS RELATED TO STRUCTURAL CONTRADICTIONS IN AMERICAN SOCIETY, IN PARTICULAR TO MANPOWER NEEDS IN THE POST-WAR ERA, THE STRUCTURE OF EXTENDED SCHOOLING, AND THE PROLONGED DEPENDENCY WHICH THIS REQUIRES. CHARTS, DISCUSSION QUESTIONS, AND NOTES ARE INCLUDED. (RFC)
Index Term(s): Crime analysis; Crime patterns; FBI Uniform Crime Reports; History of juvenile justice; Juvenile arrest statistics; Juvenile court statistics; Juvenile delinquency factors; Social change
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