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NCJ Number: 63763 Find in a Library
Title: FOUNDATIONS OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Author(s): W MATHIAS; R C RESCORLA; E STEPHENS
Corporate Author: Prentice Hall
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 586
Sponsoring Agency: Prentice Hall
Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632
Sale Source: Prentice Hall
Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632
United States of America
Type: Overview Text
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: PREPARED FOR A FOUNDATIONS COURSE IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE, THIS TEXT FOCUSES ON CONTEMPORARY ISSUES AND FUNDAMENTAL PROCESSES WHILE ACKNOWLEDGING APPROPRIATE HISTORICAL ANTECEDENTS.
Abstract: IT BEGINS WITH A CONSIDERATION OF THE VARIOUS WAYS TO STUDY CRIME AND SOCIETY'S REACTION TO CRIMINAL ACTS. FUNDAMENTAL APPROACHES INCLUDE HISTORICAL, LEGALISTIC, SOCIOBEHAVIORAL, ORGANIZATIONAL, WORLD ORDER, OPERATIONAL REALITY, AND REFORM. AN OVERVIEW OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM, OR 'NONSYSTEM,' IS PRESENTED WITH DISCUSSION CENTERING ON THE INTERAGENCY RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN POLICE, COURTS, AND CORRECTIONS, TOGETHER WITH THE ECONOMIC DEPENDENCE OF SUCH AGENCIES ON LEGISLATIVE BODIES. THE TEXT DESCRIBES THE SOURCES OF CRIME STATISTICS AND THE NATURE AND EXTENT OF CRIME IN AMERICA, AND IT IDENTIFIES THE LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT WHERE INDIVIDUAL CRIMES ARE DEFINED. OBSTACLES TO COMPILING ACCURATE CRIME STATISTICS ARE DISCUSSED, AND A TYPOLOGY OF CRIME IS OFFERED. FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE, ENCOMPASSING BELIEFS AND APPROACHES TO DEVIANT BEHAVIOR, FUNDAMENTALS OF LAW, AND COMPARATIVE CRIMINAL JUSTICE, ARE COVERED. SOCIETAL RESPONSES TO ADULT AND JUVENILE CRIME ARE CONSIDERED, AND THEIR REFLECTION IN LAW ENFORCEMENT PROCESSES IN A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY, THE JUDICAL PROCESS, AND THE U.S. CORRECTIONAL SYSTEM ARE EXAMINED. SPECIAL PROBLEMS IN AND APPROACHES TO PREVENTION OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY ARE PRESENTED. RELATED COMPONENTS OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE (SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, PLANNING AND RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND CITIZEN INVOLVEMENT) ARE ALSO DISCUSSED. FINALLY, IMPLICATIONS FOR CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN THE FUTURE ARE HIGHLIGHTED. PROCESSES AND TECHNIQUES FOR PREDICTING THE FUTURE ARE DETAILED, AND THE AMERICAN CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM IN THE 21ST CENTURY IS FORECAST, COVERING SUCH ASPECTS AS CRIME CAUSATION, CRIMINAL LAW, SYSTEMWIDE CHANGES, JUVENILE DELINQUENCY, LAW ENFORCEMENT, COURTS, AND CORRECTIONS. TABULAR DATA, DIAGRAMS, DISCUSSION QUESTIONS AND SELECTED READINGS FOR EACH CHAPTER, APPENDIXES, A GLOSSARY OF TERMS, AND AN INDEX ARE PROVIDED. (PRG)
Index Term(s): Corrections; Course materials; Courts; Crime typologies; Criminal justice overview texts; Criminal justice statistics; Criminology; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Police; Prediction
Note: PRENTICE-HALL SERIES IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63763

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