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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 63775 Find in a Library
Title: CRIMINAL'S IMAGE OF THE CITY
Author(s): R I CARTER; K Q HILL
Corporate Author: Pergamon Press, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 111
Sponsoring Agency: Pergamon Press, Inc
Elmsford, NY 10523
Sale Source: Pergamon Press, Inc
Maxwell House
Fairview Park
Elmsford, NY 10523
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: WRITTEN BY A GEOGRAPHER AND A POLITICAL SCIENTIST, THIS EXPLORATORY STUDY BRINGS SOME PERSPECTIVES TO CRIME PATTERNS WITHIN CITIES AND FOCUSES ON CRIMINALS' ENVIRONMENTAL PERCEPTIONS AS BEHAVIORAL INFLUENCES.
Abstract: A MAJOR ASSUMPTION IS THAT CRIMINALS ARE NOT VERY DIFFERENT FROM NONCRIMINALS AND THAT BOTH PERCEIVE AND RESPOND TO THEIR ENVIRONMENT IN TERMS OF PARTICULAR, INDIVIDUAL MOTIVES. THE STUDY SAMPLE WAS BASED ON KNOWN PROPERTY OFFENDERS CURRENTLY RESIDING IN THREE OF OKLAHOMA'S CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS AND HAVING BEEN CONVICTED OF BURGLARY, ROBBERY, OR LARCENY. A STRATIFIED SAMPLING PROCEDURE WAS USED TO COLLECT A MATCHING NONCRIMINAL SAMPLE. GESTALT, FIELD, AND PERSONAL CONSTRUCT THEORIES WERE USED AS A BASIS FOR MEASURING INDIVIDUAL AREA PERCEPTIONS, AND THE SEMANTIC DIFFERENTIAL WAS ADOPTED AS A PERCEPTION MEASUREMENT TOOL. FINDINGS INDICATE THAT CRIMINALS' AREA IMAGES ARE SHAPED BY THEIR VOCATIONAL INTERESTS SO THAT THEY PERCEIVE MORE CRIME ACTIVITY, POLICE PROTECTION, AND GREATER DIFFICULTY OF COMMITTING CRIME IN THE CITY THAN DO NONCRIMINALS. IN ADDITION, CRIMINALS, PARTICULARLY BLACKS, ARE LIKELY TO CHOOSE A CRIME TARGET IN A FAMILIAR AREA. WHITES ARE MORE CONCERNED WITH THE RISK AND DIFFICULTY OF COMMITTING THE OFFENSE THAT AN AREA PRESENTS. BOTH GROUPS OF CRIMINALS TENDED TO AVOID HIGH STATUS NEIGHBORHOODS. STATISTICAL ANALYSES INDICATE THAT THE PATTERNING OF CRIME IS SYSTEMATICALLY RELATED TO AREA IMAGES HELD BY CRIMINALS, THAT THESE IMAGES ARE THEMSELVES DIFFERENTIABLE, AND THAT CERTAIN IMAGE COMPONENTS ARE MORE POWERFUL THAN OTHERS IN INFLUENCING CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR. IMPLICATIONS FOR PUBLIC POLICY AND THE CRIME PREVENTION THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN (CPTED) MOVEMENT ARE DISCUSSED. TABULAR AND GEOGRAPHICAL DATA, A BIBLIOGRAPHY, CHAPTER NOTES, AND AN APPENDIX SHOWING THE GEOGRAPHICAL AREAS STUDIED ARE INCLUDED. (AOP)
Index Term(s): Cause removal crime prevention; Community crime prevention programs; Crime prevention measures; Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) programs; Physical crime prevention
Note: PERGAMAN POLICY STUDIES ON CRIME AND JUSTICE
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63775

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