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NCJ Number: 63800 Find in a Library
Title: POLITICAL CORRUPTION AND SOCIAL STRUCTURE IN JAPAN
Journal: ASIAN SURVEY  Volume:17  Issue:6  Dated:(JUNE 1977)  Pages:556-564
Author(s): M IGA; M AUERBACH
Corporate Author: University of California Press
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: University of California Press
Berkeley, CA 94720
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: AN ANALYSIS OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURE OF JAPAN'S DIET MEMBERS SHOWS MANIPULATION OF VOTERS THROUGH FORMS OF BRIBERY BUILT INTO THE POLITICAL SYSTEM.
Abstract: THE REASONS FOR JAPANESE TOLERANCE OF POLITICAL CORRUPTION AND THE FORMS OF POLITICAL CORRUPTION BUILT INTO THE SYSTEM ARE EXPLORED IN THIS ANALYSIS OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURES OF MEMBERS OF THE JAPANESE DIET. DIET MEMBERS BUY VOTES BY ASSUMING EXPENSES, OFFERING DONATIONS, AND GIVING GIFTS THAT ARE CLOSE TO BRIBERY TO MEMBERS OF THEIR SUPPORTERS' CLUBS. SALARY PROVIDES THE LEAST INCOME FOR DIET MEMBERS WITH MAJOR SUPPORT COMING FROM SUPPORTERS' CLUBS POLITICAL DONATIONS AND FROM PARTY FACTION BOSSES. THE IMPORTANCE OF CORRUPTION IN THE JAPANESE POLITICAL STRUCTURE IS MOST EVIDENT IN THE MECHANISM FOR THE ELECTION OF THE PRIME MINISTER. BECAUSE THE HEAD OF THE MAJORITY PARTY ASSUMES PREMIERSHIP, THE TOTAL NUMBER OF PEOPLE INVOLVED IS SMALL AND THE OPPORTUNITY FOR BRIBERY IS GREAT. POLITICAL CORRUPTION IS TOLERATED BECAUSE OF AN IDEOLOGY WHICH DOES NOT INCLUDE A HUMANISTIC DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIETY, AN EDUCATIONAL NETWORK IN WHICH GRADUATES OF THE SAME UNIVERSITY SUPPORT EACH OTHER, AND VOTER DEMANDS THAT ARE ORIENTED TO PERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS WITH AND IMMEDIATE PROFIT FROM THE CANDIDATE. FOOTNOTES ARE GIVEN. (RFC)
Index Term(s): Bribery; Corruption of public officials; Fraud; Japan; Public order offenses; White collar crime
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63800

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