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NCJ Number: 63860 Find in a Library
Title: ANALYSIS OF RECIDIVISM RATES AMONG RESIDENTS RELEASED FROM MASSACHUSETTS CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN 1977
Author(s): Y SMART
Corporate Author: Massachusetts Dept of Correction
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 31
Sponsoring Agency: Massachusetts Dept of Correction
Milford, MA 01757 -369
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Publication Number: 11626
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS STUDY PRESENTS AN ANALYSIS OF RECIDIVISM RATES FOR INDIVIDUALS RELEASED FROM MASSACHUSETTS CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN 1977.
Abstract: THE STUDY EXAMINED THE RECIDIVISM RATES OF 1138 INDIVIDUALS RELEASED FROM THE INSTITUTIONS IN 1977. OF THESE, 969 (85 PERCENT) WERE NOT RETURNED TO A CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION, WHILE 169 (15 PERCENT) WERE REINCARCERATED WITHIN 1 YEAR. DATA FOR THE STUDY CAME FROM A COMPUTERIZED DATA BASE AND THE FILES OF THE MASSACHUSETTS DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS, THE PAROLE BOARD, AND BOARD OF PROBATION. THE DATA WERE COLLECTED AS PART OF A CONTINUING EFFORT TO MEASURE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE STATE'S CORRECTIONAL PROGRAMS SINCE THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CORRECTIONAL REFORM ACT OF 1972 WHICH INSTITUTED PRERELEASE CENTERS, THE HOME FURLOUGH PROGRAM, AND WORK AND EDUCATION RELEASE. NEW RESULTS FROM THE 1977 ANALYSIS INCLUDED (1) SIGNIFICANTLY LOWER RECIDIVISM RATES FOR THE CONCORD POPULATION, (2) TOTAL PRIOR INCARCERATIONS AS A DISTINGUISHING VARIABLE BETWEEN RECIDIVISTS AND NONRECIDIVISTS, (3) AND A LOWER RETURN RATE FOR BLACK INMATES THAN FOR WHITES. REDUCTION IN RATES WAS ATTRIBUTED TO THREE MAJOR FACTORS--PARTICIPATION IN THE HOME FURLOUGH PROGRAM, RELEASE FROM A PRERELEASE CENTER, AND THE COMBINED EFFECT OF THE TWO PROGRAMS. RESULTS SHOWED THAT GRADUATED RELEASE PROGRAMS ALONG WITH VARIOUS REINTEGRATIVE EFFORTS ARE GERMANE TO REDUCTION IN RECEDIVISM RATES OF THE INCARCERATED. TABULAR DATA AND FOOTNOTES ARE INCLUDED, AND AN APPENDIX LISTS VARIABLES OF THE STUDY. SEE NCJ 64193 FOR THE STATISTICAL TABLES. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--MJW)
Index Term(s): Corrections effectiveness; Corrections statistics; Inmate statistics; Massachusetts; Recidivism; Recidivists; State correctional facilities
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63860

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