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NCJ Number: 63862 Find in a Library
Title: COMMUNITY-BASE REINTEGRATION - SOME THEORETICAL IMPLICATIONS OF POSITIVE RESEARCH FINDINGS
Author(s): D P LECLAIR
Corporate Author: Massachusetts Dept of Correction
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Massachusetts Dept of Correction
Milford, MA 01757 -369
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Publication Number: 11625
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A DECADE OF RESEARCH CONDUCTED BY THE MASSACHUSETTS DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS INDICATES THAT COMMUNITY-BASED REINTEGRATION PROGRAMS FOR INMATES CAN REDUCE RECIDIVISM.
Abstract: IN CONTRAST TO TRADITIONAL REHABILITATIVE THEORY, REINTEGRATIVE PROGRAMS DO NOT TRY TO TREAT A PERSON, BUT ARE DIRECTED TOWARD MINIMIZING THE NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF IMPRISONMENT, PROMOTING COMMUNITY LINKS WHICH EXISTED PRIOR TO INCARCERATION, AND ESTABLISHING NEW TIES WITH THE OUTSIDE WORLD. EXAMPLES OF SUCH PROGRAMS INCLUDE HOME FURLOUGHS, WORK RELEASE, AND CONJUGAL VISITING PRIVILEGES. IN 1972, LEGISLATORS CREATED A REINTEGRATIVE PROGRAM IN MASSACHUSETTS WHICH GRANTED QUALIFIED INMATES FURLOUGHS DURING ALL PHASES OF IMPRISONMENT, ENABLED THEM TO PROGRESS FROM MAXIMUM THROUGH MINIMUM SECURITY FACILITIES, AND PROVIDED PRERELEASE PROGRAMS IN THE COMMUNITY. THE EFFECT OF THESE MEASURES ON POSTRELEASE BEHAVIOR WAS EVALUATED BY EXAMINING RECIDIVISM RATES. STUDIES FOUND THE LOWEST RATES OF RECIDIVISM AMONG INDIVIDUALS WHO HAD PARTICIPATED IN COMMUNITY FURLOUGHS AND PRERELEASE PROGRAMS, AND WHO HAD BEEN MOVED THROUGH INSTITUTIONS WITH DECREASING SECURITY LEVELS AND SIZE. BECAUSE THE STATISTICAL TECHNIQUE KNOWN AS 'BASE EXPECTANCY RATES' WAS USED, FURTHER RESEARCH FOCUSED ON THE ENTIRE CORRECTIONAL SYSTEM OVER A 6-YEAR PERIOD AND DISCOVERED THAT RECIDIVISM RATES SYSTEMATICALLY DROPPED AFTER THE REINTEGRATIVE PROGRAM WAS INTRODUCED AND WERE PROPORTIONAL TO THE NUMBERS OF INDIVIDUALS INVOLVED IN THE NEW PROGRAM. A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE ON PRISONIZATION LEADS TO THE CONCLUSION THAT REHABILITATION PROGRAMS ARE SABOTAGED BY THE REHABILITATION PROGRAMS ARE SABOTAGED BY THE COUNTERVAILING INFLUENCES OF PRISON CULTURE. BY MOVING INMATES AMONG INSTITUTIONS AND ENCOURAGING LINKS WITH THE COMMUNITY, REINTEGRATIVE PROGRAMS NEUTRALIZE THE EFFECTS OF PRISONZATIION AND ASSIST PRISONERS TO COPE WITH LIFE AFTER RELEASE. A COMPARISON TABLE OF RECIDIVISM RATES, A PROGRAM CHART, AND A BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE PROVIDED. (MJM)
Index Term(s): Conjugal visits; Corrections effectiveness; Furloughs; Massachusetts; Prerelease programs; Prisonization; Recidivism; Social reintegration; Work release
Note: PAPER PRESENTED AT THE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY, PHILADELPHIA (PA) NOVEMBER 1979
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63862

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