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NCJ Number: 63865 Find in a Library
Title: EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF DIFFERENT TECHNIQUES OF QUESTIONING CHILD WITNESSES
Journal: BRITISH JOURNAL OF SOCIAL AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY  Volume:18  Issue:1  Dated:(1979)  Pages:41-51
Author(s): H R DENT; G M STEPHENSON
Corporate Author: British Psychological Soc
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: British Psychological Soc
Leicester, LE1 7DR, England
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: RESULTS ARE REPORTED FROM TWO EXPERIMENTS THAT EXAMINED THE EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT TECHNIQUES OF INTERVIEW UPON THE RECALL ACCURACY OF 10- AND 11-YEAR OLDS REGARDING AN INCIDENT THEY WITNESSED.
Abstract: THE FIRST EXPERIMENT EXPLORED THE INTERVIEW TECHNIQUES OF FREE REPORT, THE USE OF GENERAL QUESTIONS, AND THE USE OF SPECIFIC QUESTIONS. FREE REPORT WAS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE THE MOST ACCURATE BUT LEAST COMPLETE INITIAL RECALL, WITH THE INCOMPLETENESS HAVING A DETERIMENTAL EFFECT UPON THE ACCURACY OF LATER RECALL. FREE REPORT DID PRODUCE THE INITIAL ACCURACY AND INCOMPLETENESS EXPECTED, BUT THERE WAS NO DAMAGE TO THE ACCURACY OF LATER, MORE STRUCTURED RECALL. THE SECOND EXPERIMENT INVESTIGATED THE USE OF THE FREE REPORT TECHNIQUE ALONE OVER A 2-MONTH PERIOD. THE EFFECT UPON RECALL ACCURACY OF A DELAY OF 2 WEEKS OR 2 MONTHS FROM THE TIME OF THE WITNESSED INCIDENT TO THE FIRST RECALL SESSION WAS INVESTIGATED. A HIGH LEVEL OF ACCURACY WAS ACHIEVED AT ALL RECALL SESSIONS; HOWEVER, THE DELAY HAD AN ADVERSE EFFECT UPON THE COMPLETENESS OF RECALL. USING GENERAL QUESTIONS IN AN INTERVIEW IS APPARENTLY THE OPTIMAL TECHNIQUE FOR OBTAINING EVIDENCE FROM CHILDREN, SINCE THE SUBJECTS INTERVIEWED WITH THIS TECHNIQUE HAD MORE CORRECT POINTS WITHOUT SIGNIFICANTLY MORE INCORRECT POINTS THAN THE OTHER TECHNIQUES; HOWEVER, FREE REPORT WAS THE MOST ACCURATE REGARDING PEOPLE DESCRIPTIONS. THESE FINDINGS SUPPORT THOSE OF SIMILAR STUDIES. TABULAR DATA AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Interview and interrogation; Research; Techniques; Witnesses; Youth (Under 15)
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63865

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