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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 63874 Find in a Library
Title: IN THIS CHILDREN'S AGE, WHAT IS BEING DONE FOR THE 'OUTSIDERS'? PROBLEMS AND TRENDS IN THE FIELD OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN SWEDEN
Journal: INTERNATIONAL CHILD WELFARE REVIEW  Issue:35  Dated:(DECEMBER 1977)  Pages:33-46
Author(s): K LINDBY
Corporate Author: International Union for Child Welfare
Switzerland
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: International Union for Child Welfare
1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Switzerland
Annotation: AN OVERVIEW IS GIVEN OF SWEDEN'S EXISTING AND PROPOSED PREVENTIVE AND CORRECTIVE ACTION REGARDING JUVENILE DELINQUENCY.
Abstract: THE STRATEGY FOR REDUCING JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN SWEDEN INCLUDES NOT ONLY CONSTRUCTIVE RESPONSE TO DEVIANT BEHAVIOR AFTER IT HAS OCCURRED, BUT INVOLVES EFFORTS TO REMEDY ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS BELIEVED TO BE CONDUCIVE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF DELINQUENCY PATTERNS. LEGISLATION STIPULATES THAT CRIMINAL CASES INVOLVING YOUTHS AGED 15 TO 18 YEARS (SOMETIMES 20) MAY BE REFERRED TO SOCIAL SERVICE AGENCIES. ALTHOUGH JUVENILES IN THIS AGE GROUP ARE CRIMINALLY RESPONSIBLE, THEY ARE RARELY CONVICTED AND SENTENCED UNDER THE PENAL CODE. SOCIAL SERVICE AGENCIES ARE ENTRUSTED WITH THE RESPONSIBILITY OF INVESTIGATING A YOUTH'S CIRCUMSTANCES AND WORKING WITH THE YOUTH AND HIS/HER FAMILY SO AS TO INVOLVE THE YOUTH IN A NETWORK OF PROGRAMS APPROPRIATE FOR HIS/HER NEEDS. VOLUNTARY PARTICIPATION BY THE YOUTH IS CONSIDERED ESSENTIAL TO SUCCESS. CORRECTIONAL SCHOOLS, WHICH IMPOSE A SYSTEM OF PARTIAL CONFINEMENT, HAVE BEEN USED AS A LAST RESORT. PREVENTIVE EFFORTS HAVE TAKEN THE FOLLOWING FORMS: (1) THE USE OF SOCIAL SERVICE PROFESSIONALS TO ORGANIZE THE CITIZENS OF 'HIGH-RISK' COMMUNITIES FOR SOCIAL ACTION AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT; (2) GOVERNMENT SUPPORT OF DAY NURSERIES FOR THE CHILDREN OF FAMILIES WHERE BOTH PARENTS WORK OUTSIDE THE HOME; AND (3) SOCIAL EDUCATION FOR PARENTS TO HELP THEM DEVELOP BEHAVIORAL PATTERNS CONDUCIVE TO POSITIVE SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT FOR THEIR CHILDREN. THE OVERALL AIM IS TO DEVELOP SYSTEMS OF ORGANIZATION WHICH WILL ENSURE THE BEST POSSIBLE USE OF AVAILABLE RESOURCES WITH A FLEXIBILITY THAT SERVES INDIVIDUAL NEEDS AND CIRCUMSTANCES. EXPERIMENTS ARE CURRENTLY BEING CONDUCTED WHICH ARE DESIGNED TO PRODUCE A NEW TYPE OF CORRECTIONAL SCHOOL THAT WILL SERVE THE ENDS OF REHABILITATION. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Juvenile correctional facilities; Juvenile court diversion; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Rehabilitation; Sweden
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63874

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