skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 63954 Find in a Library
Title: NONDRUG CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR ASSOCIATED WITH HEROIN USE - A REVIEW OF CURRENT RESEARCH
Journal: CONTEMPORARY DRUG PROBLEMS  Volume:7  Dated:(WINTER 1978)  Pages:577-589
Author(s): W J ALBRIGHT; P L TAYLOR
Corporate Author: Federal Legal Publications, Inc
Managing Editor
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Federal Legal Publications, Inc
New York, NY 10007
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A REVIEW OF CURRENT RESEARCH ON DRUG USERS DOES NOT REVEAL ANY CONCLUSIVE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN CRIMINAL PATTERNS AND HEROIN ADDICTION.
Abstract: SINCE THE TURN OF THE CENTURY, STUDIES HAVE TRIED TO FIND A CONNECTION BETWEEN DRUG ADDICTION AND CRIME. SEVERAL SURVEYS HAVE SHOWN THAT MOST DRUG ADDICTS WERE INVOLVED IN CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES PRIOR TO HEROIN USE, BUT THAT ADDICTION DOES INCREASE THE INTENSITY OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR. CURRENT RESEARCH HAS BEEN UNABLE TO RESOLVE WHETHER OR NOT CRIMINALS ARE MORE LIKELY THAN NONCRIMINALS TO BECOME ADDICTS. MUCH OF THE LITERATURE CONTENDS THAT HEROIN ADDICTS RARELY COMMIT VIOLENT CRIME, BUT CONCENTRATE ON BURGLARIES AND ROBBERIES TO GENERATE INCOME. HOWEVER, THE VARIED ADDICTION AND CRIME PATTERNS AMONG COMMUNITIES DISPUTE THIS THEORY. THE IMPACT OF METHADONE MAINTENANCE ON CRIMINALITY HAS BEEN WIDELY DEBATED, ALTHOUGH MANY RESEARCHERS HAVE CONCLUDED THAT IT DOES REDUCE CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR AMONG NARCOTIC ADDICTS, PARTICULARLY THOSE WHO HAVE ENTERED THE PROGRAM VOLUNTARILY. CRITICS CLAIM THAT METHADONE'S EFFECTIVENESS OVER THE LONG TERM IS DOUBTFUL BECAUSE IT HAS NO INFLUENCE ON PREVIOUSLY ESTABLISHED PATTERNS OF DEVIANT BEHAVIOR. SEVERAL METHODOLOGICAL FLAWS IN STUDIES SUPPORTING METHADONE TREATMENT HAVE ALSO BEEN DISCOVERED. FOOTNOTES ARE PROVIDED. (MJM)
Index Term(s): Drug abuse causes; Drug Related Crime; Heroin; Methadone maintenance
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63954

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.