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NCJ Number: 63999 Find in a Library
Title: DEVELOPMENT AND THERAPEUTIC RESULTS OF THE DR S VON MESDAG CLINIC IN GRONINGEN (NETHERLANDS)
Journal: MONATSSCHRIFT FUER KRIMINOLOGIE UND STRAFRECHTSREFORM  Volume:62  Issue:3  Dated:(APRIL 1979)  Pages:91-97
Author(s): R C HOEKSTRA
Corporate Author: Carl Heymanns Verlag
Germany (Unified)
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: Carl Heymanns Verlag
5 Cologne 1, Germany United
Format: Article
Language: German
Country: West Germany (Former)
Annotation: THE STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT AND THE TREATMENT PROGRAM OF A DUTCH PSYCHIATRIC CLINIC AND THE RATES OF RECIDIVISM FOR THE SEVERELY DISTURBED INMATES ARE REPORTED.
Abstract: SINCE IT BEGINNING IN 1883, THE DR. S VAN MESDAG CLINIC IN GRONINGEN HAS DEVELOPED FROM A MAXIMUM SECURITY PRISON TO AN OFFICIAL SOCIOTHERAPEUTIC ASYLUM WITH A NEW WELL EQUIPPED THERAPEUTIC BUILDING. BASED ON THE THEORIES OF THE CHILD PSYCHOLOGIST AND PSYCHOANALYST HART DE RUYTER, A COMPREHENSIVE TREATMENT PROGRAM HAS BEEN DEVELOPED: (1) EACH PATIENT HAS A PERSONALIZED TREATMENT SCHEDULE, (2) NONVERBAL FORMS OF THERAPY ARE EMPHASIZED, (3) PATIENTS ARE EVALUATED EVERY 6 MONTHS TO CHECK THEIR PROGRESS, AND (4) THE RELATIONSHIP OF CLIENT AND SOCIAL THERAPIST IN THE THERAPEUTIC ENVIRONMENT OF THE LIVING QUARTERS IS THE CENTER OF THE TREATMENT. IN PSYCHOANALYSIS, THE PATIENT, WITH THE HELP OF THE THERAPIST, LIVES THROUGH THREE PHASES OF FEAR: THAT OF BECOMING PSYCHOTIC, THAT OF KILLING A PERSON, AND THAT OF KILLING HIMSELF. THE EXPERIENCE OF THESE FEARS LEADS TO A RESTRUCTURING OF THE EGO, TO A MORE COURAGEOUS APPROVAL OF REPRESSED DRIVES, AND TO A MORE TOLERANT ATTITUDE ON THE PART OF THE SUPER-EGO. A STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF THE RATES OF RECIDIVISM BETWEEN 1952 AND 1974 CONCERNING PERIODS OF TRIAL VACATION INDICATES THAT THE RATE IS SIGNIFICANTLY LOWER IN THE PERIOD 1964-69 THAN IN THE PERIOD BEFORE 1961. OTHER RESULTS SHOW THAT THE PARTICIPATION IN INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOANALYSIS DOES NOT SIGNIFICANTLY INFLUENCE THE RATE OF RECIDIVISM AND THAT LONG-TERM TREATMENT (3 OR MORE YEARS) IS MORE SUCCESSFUL THAN SHORT-TERM TREATMENT. THE REPORT CONTAINS SEVERAL TABLES. --IN GERMAN. (SAJ)
Index Term(s): Emotional disorders; Emotionally disturbed delinquents; Netherlands; Psychological theories; Psychotherapy; Recidivism; Treatment/Therapeutic Community
Note: REVISED VERSION OF A LECTURE GIVEN AT THE UNIVERSITY OF FRANKFURT (WEST GERMANY), JANUARY 11, 1978
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63999

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